It’s not radical Islam that worries the US – it’s independence

The nature of any regime it backs in the Arab world is secondary to control. Subjects are ignored until they break their chains…..

Noam Chomsky

‘The Arab world is on fire,” al-Jazeera reported last week, while throughout the region, western allies “are quickly losing their influence”. The shock wave was set in motion by the dramatic uprising in Tunisia that drove out a western-backed dictator, with reverberations especially in Egypt, where demonstrators overwhelmed a dictator’s brutal police.

Observers compared it to the toppling of Russian domains in 1989, but there are important differences. Crucially, no Mikhail Gorbachev exists among the great powers that support the Arab dictators. Rather, Washington and its allies keep to the well-established principle that democracy is acceptable only insofar as it conforms to strategic and economic objectives: fine in enemy territory (up to a point), but not in our backyard, please, unless properly tamed.

One 1989 comparison has some validity: Romania, where Washington maintained its support for Nicolae Ceausescu, the most vicious of the east European dictators, until the allegiance became untenable. Then Washington hailed his overthrow while the past was erased. That is a standard pattern: Ferdinand Marcos, Jean-Claude Duvalier, Chun Doo-hwan, Suharto and many other useful gangsters. It may be under way in the case of Hosni Mubarak, along with routine efforts to try to ensure a successor regime will not veer far from the approved path. The current hope appears to be Mubarak loyalist General Omar Suleiman, just named Egypt’s vice-president. Suleiman, the longtime head of the intelligence services, is despised by the rebelling public almost as much as the dictator himself.

A common refrain among pundits is that fear of radical Islam requires (reluctant) opposition to democracy on pragmatic grounds. While not without some merit, the formulation is misleading. The general threat has always been independence. The US and its allies have regularly supported radical Islamists, sometimes to prevent the threat of secular nationalism.

A familiar example is Saudi Arabia, the ideological centre of radical Islam (and of Islamic terror). Another in a long list is Zia ul-Haq, the most brutal of Pakistan’s dictators and President Reagan’s favorite, who carried out a programme of radical Islamisation (with Saudi funding).

“The traditional argument put forward in and out of the Arab world is that there is nothing wrong, everything is under control,” says Marwan Muasher, a former Jordanian official and now director of Middle East research for the Carnegie Endowment. “With this line of thinking, entrenched forces argue that opponents and outsiders calling for reform are exaggerating the conditions on the ground.”

Therefore the public can be dismissed. The doctrine traces far back and generalises worldwide, to US home territory as well. In the event of unrest, tactical shifts may be necessary, but always with an eye to reasserting control.

The vibrant democracy movement in Tunisia was directed against “a police state, with little freedom of expression or association, and serious human rights problems”, ruled by a dictator whose family was hated for their venality. So said US ambassador Robert Godec in a July 2009 cable released by WikiLeaks.

Therefore to some observers the WikiLeaks “documents should create a comforting feeling among the American public that officials aren’t asleep at the switch” – indeed, that the cables are so supportive of US policies that it is almost as if Obama is leaking them himself (or so Jacob Heilbrunn writes in The National Interest.)

“America should give Assange a medal,” says a headline in the Financial Times, whereGideon Rachman writes: “America’s foreign policy comes across as principled, intelligent and pragmatic … the public position taken by the US on any given issue is usually the private position as well.”

In this view, WikiLeaks undermines “conspiracy theorists” who question the noble motives Washington proclaims.

Godec’s cable supports these judgments – at least if we look no further. If we do,, as foreign policy analyst Stephen Zunes reports in Foreign Policy in Focus, we find that, with Godec’s information in hand, Washington provided $12m in military aid to Tunisia. As it happens, Tunisia was one of only five foreign beneficiaries: Israel (routinely); the two Middle East dictatorships Egypt and Jordan; and Colombia, which has long had the worst human-rights record and the most US military aid in the hemisphere.

Heilbrunn’s exhibit A is Arab support for US policies targeting Iran, revealed by leaked cables. Rachman too seizes on this example, as did the media generally, hailing these encouraging revelations. The reactions illustrate how profound is the contempt for democracy in the educated culture.

Unmentioned is what the population thinks – easily discovered. According to pollsreleased by the Brookings Institution in August, some Arabs agree with Washington and western commentators that Iran is a threat: 10%. In contrast, they regard the US and Israel as the major threats (77%; 88%).

Arab opinion is so hostile to Washington’s policies that a majority (57%) think regional security would be enhanced if Iran had nuclear weapons. Still, “there is nothing wrong, everything is under control” (as Muasher describes the prevailing fantasy). The dictators support us. Their subjects can be ignored – unless they break their chains, and then policy must be adjusted.

Other leaks also appear to lend support to the enthusiastic judgments about Washington’s nobility. In July 2009, Hugo Llorens, U.S. ambassador to Honduras, informed Washington of an embassy investigation of “legal and constitutional issues surrounding the 28 June forced removal of President Manuel ‘Mel’ Zelaya.”

The embassy concluded that “there is no doubt that the military, supreme court and national congress conspired on 28 June in what constituted an illegal and unconstitutional coup against the executive branch”. Very admirable, except that President Obama proceeded to break with almost all of Latin America and Europe by supporting the coup regime and dismissing subsequent atrocities.

Perhaps the most remarkable WikiLeaks revelations have to do with Pakistan, reviewed by foreign policy analyst Fred Branfman in Truthdig.

The cables reveal that the US embassy is well aware that Washington’s war in Afghanistan and Pakistan not only intensifies rampant anti-Americanism but also “risks destabilising the Pakistani state” and even raises a threat of the ultimate nightmare: that nuclear weapons might fall into the hands of Islamic terrorists.

Again, the revelations “should create a comforting feeling … that officials are not asleep at the switch” (Heilbrunn’s words) – while Washington marches stalwartly toward disaster.

(Noam Chomsky is an emeritus professor of linguistics at MIT and a prolific critic of American politics and foreign policy).

NOTE:This is a cross post from Guardian UK.

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  • S U Turkman  On February 11, 2011 at 3:45 am

    Oh so, no country in this world is independent of USA because it worries the only Super Power of the world, USA. USA can …
    * fix Exchange Rate of Dollar.
    * make China reduce Exchange Rate of her Currency (which USA has failed to do so far)
    * end independence of of Islamic Republic of Iran though she has failed to do so for the last 31 years.
    Because of Independence of Iran, Sudan, Somalia, Talibani Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, Pakistan etc USA has suffered and it has nothing to do with her own Industrialists have built factories in China and millions of jobs have been exported to India, China and other countries.
    Now please tell me, why should USA be worried about Democracy in Moslim Countries if such Democracies are not a ploy of Moslim JehaaDi Elements to terrorize the whole world with their Suicidal Sneak Attack Terrorists?
    If Moslims were USA, would they not be worried about Christian Crusader take over of Christian Countries who believed in Suicidal Sneak Attack Terrorists?

  • Inam Khan  On February 11, 2011 at 3:51 pm

    Americans want good values and true democracy for themselvesand
    Europeans.For rest of the world , they simply want their hegemony and
    make use of their oil,gas and mineral wealth.Americans have no regard
    for principles for third world countries.They want Raymond Davis
    released fogetting murders committed by him but not hear anything
    about Dr.Aafia who did not harm any body.Americans want things to be
    done their way otherwise all and every thing is evil.As long as they
    support injustice,they will not have peace.

  • S U Turkman  On February 12, 2011 at 1:20 am

    Right, right.
    America does not like our independence and this is why she …
    * … keeps granting Immigration and Nationality to hundreds of thousands of us every year.
    * … had imposed Economic Sanctions, when Gen. Musharraf had taken over and had wanted Democracy back.
    * … had welcomed pro Democracy changes in Tunisia.
    * … has sided with Public Revolt in Egypt against Hosni Mobarak.
    * … has has been propagated Democracy.
    * … has been criticized Human Rights violations in every country.
    * … had Elections held in Iraq and Afghanistan twice so far.
    * … had gotten restrictions on Nawaz Sharif and Benazir lifted.
    * Has USA ever told any country not to have a Real Democracy like hers or like Europeans?
    * Why is Pakistan so corrupt that she can not have a real Democracy?
    * Why Pak Army has been staging Democracy only because USA and other rich countries stop all the Charity of Aid and Loans and Commonwealth kicks Pakistan out, if it remains power?
    ‘Naach naa jaanay; AaNgan terdhaa’

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