Kashmir : A Victim of Indian “Democracy”

This is a Pakpotpourri Exclusive

By Hamid Waheed

Kashmir has historically remained independent, except in the anarchical conditions of the late 18th and first half of the 19th century. Until 1846, Kashmir was part of the Sikh empire. At the time of independence of Pakistan, people of Kashmir were demanding to join Pakistan. The Maharaja, fearing tribal warfare, eventually gave way to the Indian pressure and agreed to join India by, as India claims, ‘signing’ the controversial Instrument of Accession on 26 October 1947. Kashmir was provisionally accepted into the Indian Union pending a free and impartial plebiscite. This was spelled out in a letter from the Governor General of India, Lord Mountbatten, to the Maharaja on 27 October 1947. In the letter, accepting the accession, Mountbatten made it clear that the State would only be incorporated into the Indian Union after a reference had been made to the people of Kashmir. Having accepted the principle of a plebiscite, India has since obstructed all attempts at holding a plebiscite.

Pakistani governments as well as the Pakistani people have always stood by their commitment on issue of Kashmir. Pakistan’s domestic as well as foreign policy has always been directed towards resolution of Kashmir issue as per the aspirations of Kashmiri people.  On the contrary, India has always denied the right of freedom to the innocent Kashmiri masses and tried to suppress their voice through extra judicial/mass killings, arbitrary arrests, ruthless and inhuman torture and sexual molestation using the instrument of Indian security forces. According to statistics, in last twenty years 93, 714 innocent Kashmiris have been martyred, 1, 07,436 children orphaned, 10, 021 women raped and 6, 989 Kashmiri have been killed in custody. The evidence of unidentified mass graves in Kashmir is yet another dark chapter of human rights violations in IOK. In defiance to all international humanitarian laws, India is still continuing with its oppressive policies.

Ironically, human rights are violated on large scale in the so-called world’s largest democracy. To crush the Kashmiri Liberation movement, India has employed various techniques including black laws. Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act 1990 (TADA) and Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1990, (AFSPA) are enforced in Kashmir despite the fact that they contravenes the Indian Constitution and international law.  POTA empowers the authorities to hold the accused in detention for a period of 180 days without filing a charge sheet. The burden of proof lies on the accused and the prosecution can withhold the identity of witnesses. It also makes confessions made to the certain level of police officer admissible as evidence. POTA empowers the public prosecutor to deny bail. It is not only limited to Kashmir but the Indian  state atrocities against poor, lower class and non Hindu Indians continue under silent Indian media but conscience Indian writers along with human rights organizations keep raising their voices whenever they can.  In an  article by Arundhati Roy titled “Walking with the Comrades”, she exposes the real face of world‘s largest democracy. How thousands of innocent citizens are being ruthlessly killed in the name of so called development. Maoist, the forgotten people of India are killed and humiliated under ‘Operation Green Hunt’, using sophisticated weapons and equipment (i.e laser range finder, thermal imaging equipment and unmanned drones) bought from Israel to kill its own poor Gondis (tribesmen). Arundhati explained during her journey to the land of Gondis, how government owned training camps are established to turn street dogs into monster to hunt poor Gondis. India-Israel nexus and Israel’s rogue role in world politics is no more a hidden factor, expulsion of her diplomat by UK on involvement in Hamas leaders murder is a recent example.     Around 60,000 peoples are forced to leave their homes and live in Xray camps. Girls and children living in hostels are not allowed to leave because state uses them as human shields. Many industrial tycoons like Tata and Essar are financing the government operation in order to attain mining contracts. Arundhati questions “When a country that calls itself a democracy openly declares war within its borders, what does that war look like? More so when they are not terrorists”. Under article 2 of resolution 260 (III) ‘A’ the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Indian state actions fulfill all qualifications to be termed as state sponsored genocide and terrorism.

The writer is a political commentator based in Rawalpindi.

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  • Naghman  On February 3, 2012 at 2:39 pm

    I have posted a link yesterday on India from you tube. It was not appropriate for the minors so I removed it… you can find the link on the youtube anyways…

    Shabana Azmi said in an interview that being a Muslim We can’t buy an apartment in Mumbai…

  • Riaz  On February 4, 2012 at 5:58 am

    Amzi family deserve this sort of treatment coz they were deadly against the creation of pakistan ,as u sow so shall u reap

  • Sajid  On February 4, 2012 at 5:59 am

    so was the family of Maulana Abul kalam Azd…

    His family is doing great in India…

    Film star Aamir Khan is from the same family…..

  • Sajid  On February 4, 2012 at 5:59 am

    Kashmir problem is an irksome reality,Key for development and flourishment of the two countries lies in its resolution,,as soon as possible,,Pakistan has to accept some bitter facts first of all, that, India is a big Country,It has a very c…
    See More

  • Admiral Sirohey  On February 5, 2012 at 3:40 am

    UN/UNSC/ erstwhile USSR and only Super Power and the emerging SP generally the whole non Muslim World are blind to the atrocious conduct of the largest democracy on earth.Pakistan is the only country that by and large has stood firm on the implementation of UNSC resolutions. For most of the Muslim countries it is a place too far.


  • S.M Anwar  On February 8, 2012 at 9:07 am

    The atrocities unleashed by Indian Army are well documented and these go on unabated.
    But can you tell me why none of the about 190 countries in the world has openly supported Pakistan’s case about Kashmir, except that the “dispute” should be peacefully resolved. Who in his right mind would say that it should be rsolved through war ( Except that great SHAHEED Bhutto who egged on Ayub to start the 1965 aimless War)

  • Ari  On April 12, 2012 at 11:52 am

    In a small country like Finland, politicians and big business agree on everything.

    In Finland the editor of Suomen Kuvalehti magazine Martti Backman lost his job in 1995, because his magazine revealed the fusion of two powerful banks (KOP and SYP) prematurely, before the banks wanted it to happen.

    I am from Finland. I have read many things from internet sites only, of which TV and newspapers don’t tell. Actually censorship in the mainstream media makes my country a plutocracy (not democracy), ruled by the political and economic elite.



  • Kashmala Khan  On May 22, 2012 at 10:56 am

    The Indian government and its occupation authorities have been committing the worst kind of rights violations in occupied Kashmir for last several decades. Even the people of Kashmir are deprived of their fundamental rights. The authorities are using every tactic to suppress the Kashmiris’ voice for right to self-determination.

    It is the responsibility of the United Nations and the world community to force India for resolving the Kashmir dispute according to the will of the Kashmiri people because resolution of Kashmir dispute is a pre-requisite for establishment of permanent peace in the region.


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