The Impostors That Now Threaten Balluchistan!

This is a Pakpotpourri Exclusive

By: Naveed Tajammal

A small group of secessionists are being given a hype, a wide coverage, by out pseudo intellectuals and vested interest media, jeopardizing the national security of Pakistan.

The roots of the system of Sardari in Balluchistan needs a closer scrutiny. The petty sardars were technically abolished by the Presidential Ordinance of 1976,which was focused on Abolition of the ‘Sardari  system in Balluchistan’.

Under Naseer Khan Barrohi, the Nizamate of Kalat was divided in 4 political entities. This Nizamate was the creation of Nadir Shah, to teach a lesson to the Kalhora for not paying the tribute in 1740 AD.

Naseer khan was a successful administrator and a brave warrior.

His administrative areas were;

1) Sarawan, the plateau from Nushki till Sibi, inclusive of present Mari & Bugti region.

2) Jhalawan, the lowlands from Surab to the boundaries of Las Bela.

3) Makuran under the Ghicki Chief, but subservient to the Khan.

4) Kaachi, extending till Harrand-Dajjal,(later, DG Khan district). This region was awarded in lieu of Naseer Khan’s help to Abdali’s in the third Battle of Panipat against the Mahratta intruders. The point to appreciate and understand here is the system of Naseer Khan.

Regarding his dealings with tribal chiefs :

” The powers of the Sardars or feudal lords were limited in the Barrohi tenure of rule, till the British jumped in. These Sardars held a consultative position in the matters of importance and in deciding tribal cases. They were as a sort of Conciliatory commission. Their Duty was that of an Arbitrator of peace between the contending parties. In case they failed, the matter was referred to the Khan-the Supreme Power-who in return forwarded it to the Qazi-ul-Quzzat (chief judge) for the final decision. Such was the position of the Sardars in the Criminal cases, while civil cases were directly dealt by the Qazi. The Khan was the Court of Appeal in all matters concerning the tribes of the conquered areas. The Sardars (tribal chiefs) were given jagirs by the Khan, and consequently they supplied the Khan with men and material in emergencies. Failing to produce specified quota of men, their jagirs were confiscated. Regarding internal affairs, the Khan acted quite independently in making laws and various other changes in the administrative spheres. While in his dealings with external matters, the feudal lords acted as a sort of Advisory Council. It was Naseer Khan, who had appointed tribal chiefs through General Elections of the tribe, by the headmen. Seniority in age and personal distinction were the deciding factors in the nomination of the tribal chief.( page 85,History of Baluch race, by Muhammad Sardar Baluch.1958).

When the British came and started setting up their new class orders, they met with problems in the Nazimate regions/ Sir Robert Sandeman was of the view owing to the democratic setup found amongst the tribes, the Head-men (Tumandars) if unsupported could not enforce Authority over the unruly spirits and in order to preserve what influence they possessed, they were compelled to follow the path where the unruly spirits lead (unruly being those who opposed the British).But the balance of power was turned, when the Tumandars were given the means to entertain armed servants of their own, and when supported by suitable allowances and the prestige of connection with ”OUR’ power. They then can exert themselves successfully, to keep their tribes in order.(p-304,Sir Robert Sandeman by T.H.Thornton.1895).

Though as we see the British created a new class, to quote just two examples Mihrullah Khan Marri and Shahbaz Khan Bugti were made Nawabs in January 1890,by the British Government of India.

But what most miss; the conditions attached with all these titles and grants .

They were all subject to 7 terms which were as under:

1) To be continued to a single ‘Designate’ heir.

2) And Conditionally on the Government pleasure.

3) Heir to be chosen by the Government.

4) Information services to be provided during the term in office.

5) Subject to good behavior while in service to the Government.

6) For service and position.

7) Government services to be rendered on call, with the retainers.

(PRAP(R) feb 1896).

Keeping all these strict rules which lasted till 1947,it should have been the moral duty of those ICS and later CSP cadre lot to enforce them . These old bureaucrats, in league with these elements never really enforced the writ of the land. Later the capital moved to Islamabad but more pressing needs kept the matters under the carpet. Today, we find ourselves  at an impasse.

It should be borne in mind that creation of Balluchistan entity ,was a  British geographic solution, in order to implement their forward policies, The Barrohi is Not a Balluch, by any yardstick, neither ethnically nor linguistically do they interrelate to each other.

As to the Etymological meaning of the word, Balluchi, it means:

Bal signifies : The Land tract’.

Lu  signifies: The People.

Chi signifies:  Of the.

The ‘Lu’ and Chi are Turkish terms .Bal-Lu-Chi means, ”Of the people of Bal”.

The original tract of Bal-yus’ was the present Qandhar region but in Bal-yus

entity it compromised Qandhar till Farrah and down to Qilla e Bust.

(On Balyus,kindly read,page- 1018note,Tabakat e Nasiri,of Maulana

Minhaj Ud din Abu Umar Usman translation by H.G Raverty,vol ii,1881).

With the passage of time, the Balluch identity is lost to those who were imposed on them to serve the interests of the British. Today, these very imposters forms a pressure group that threatens the very fabric of our nation hood!

The writer is a historical investigative journalist with research of 28 years. He is based in Lahore & has written many historical investigative papers.

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  • Ijaz Khan  On February 16, 2012 at 2:15 pm

    An Excellent article tracing the genesis of Baluchistan & those who today purport to be her leaders! Bravo!

  • Habib  On February 16, 2012 at 2:53 pm

    Bravo, what a marvelous piece of work, this article !!

  • Tahir M. Raja Munnoo  On February 16, 2012 at 3:00 pm

    Naveed Sb. An enlightening read. Must commend the style/format especially the content which is supported and based on historical facts. It is an approach we need to take to develop the minds which are needed to set the THINKING right and thereby the direction. !!!!

    Tahir M. Raja

  • Rauf  On February 16, 2012 at 3:33 pm

    Naveed Bhai,
    As usual a factual write up and thank you for pointing out the core problem of
    Baluchistan “The Sardars”, who do not give two hoots for Balochi people.
    Hats off to you.
    Rauf Bhai

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 16, 2012 at 6:02 pm

      Well pointed out rauf bhai,the sardari system was a creation of different times,but it was Not run even then, as it is seen today.

  • Khalid Iqbal  On February 16, 2012 at 3:42 pm

    Whether a small group or a large group, the dice is loaded. Pakistan is in a quagmire right now. Americans are not going to let up. In the days to come they will be upping the ante to arrive at a critical mass of internationalizing the issue. If they manage to take it to the SC (Yes, why would any one be mislead to believe that they wouldn’t?) we will be looking for Chinese and even Russian help to veto a resolution. Pakistan is in thick soup dear me. We don’t know how much the Chinese have already made up their mind to give up on Pakistan. If the notion of another Great Game is real Pakistan has some hope. In that Great Game Pakistan will have to cut and run from American camp in a neat and clean manner.

    It is time for Pakistan to lay off other matters and concentrate on Balochistan. This was coming. The hype is not made up, it is real.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 16, 2012 at 6:05 pm

      Well said,khalid sahib,indeed the lapse has been due to the,circumstances above highlighted nevertheless it is never late to rectify them.

    • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:20 pm

      Yeah Pakistan should tighten its Occupation of Baluchistan otherwise, she would not be able to keep stealing Natural Resources of Balochis. The main idea is to deny they are Balochis so, we can deny their rights to be free. We have to now start saying, since they are not Balochis, we can not give them Baluchistan. But the question remains, if they are not Balochis and don’t belong there, where to and how do we deport them out of Pakistan?
      Makranis and other Balochis, who speak Persian can be deported to Iran and then PashTo Speaking Balochis can be deported to Afghanistan. Also since we are doing this, we should deport all Mohajirs back to India also, right?

  • Hamza Baloch  On February 16, 2012 at 4:14 pm

    good one…included very old history of Balochistan.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 16, 2012 at 6:09 pm

      Thankyou hamza sahib,yes it is the actual history of times, of birth of the system,
      which is now,creating a problem.,due to neglect.

  • hamal khan  On February 16, 2012 at 4:53 pm

    ha ha ha punjabi vs u s a from mazar shrief to hub both can write and distort history of baloch

    • pakpotpourri2  On February 16, 2012 at 5:19 pm

      My dear you are welcome to counter facts with counter facts, abuse lead nowhere & expose your weak wicket.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 16, 2012 at 6:15 pm

      Hamal khan sahib
      It is Not a distorted version,but facts, that is why references of various books,have been given,if you disagree kindly quote references to counter
      the same.

  • S U Turkman  On February 17, 2012 at 2:00 am

    Yes but it has not been told that Baluchistan was not given to Mr. Jinnah as a part of Pakistan. That land was invaded by Pak Army, Balochis were killed, not SirDaars and Pakistan’s occupation of Baluchistan had started in 1949.
    Its also not told, how many times Baluchis have rebelled and how many of them were shot dead and injured Pak Army in those 4 invasions.
    Just like all the time, whoever Pakistan starts killing declares Foreign Agents so what’s new here except for this time USA is being blamed besides India?
    Even when Earthquake comes or it rains too much Paki Conspiracy Theorist blame USA now. Waiting to hear, when are they going to blame USA for murder of Hzt. Imam Hussain.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 17, 2012 at 8:14 am

      So what happened in 1949 ?? your venomous remarks,against Pakistan,
      will never cease,to clear your hangover take a dip in your ‘Potomac river.

    • a m malik  On February 18, 2012 at 5:25 pm

      turkey fellow you bubbling the same like an old granny have become sickening especially ur example of Hazrat Imam Hussain. No body blames the US for Karbala but we are waiting for you to Blame the Punjabis for the same.

      Yes the Baloch problem has to be addressed and sooner the better – but will India let it happen and will not dissuade the rebels not to listen to Pakistan?
      Not with standing the above will u ever speak of those thousands of non Baluchis killed by the so called nationalists?

      • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:28 pm

        Oh yeah, yeah, after half a century of looting, 5 Uprisings, a lot of bombings, a lot of slaughters, after killing tens of thousands of Balochis, decades of stealing of Natural Resources of Baluchistan now we have to solve Balochi Issue that we had created by invading Baluchistan 63 years ago and the solution is, nobody is Baloch so, they can not be given land of Baluchistan, right?

  • Arif Zaki  On February 17, 2012 at 2:10 am

    Dear all,
    The geo-political importance of Baluchistan is known to all. It is the largest province of Pakistan, with the thinnest population spread. It’s mineral resources , both recorded and yet unknown, are tremendous. The silver lining is the fact that the province is not only populated by Baluchs but by Pashtuns alsThree major power players have exercised sway, namely, Sardar Ataullah Mengal, Sardar Akber Bugti, now late, and Marri brothers in Kohlu. These Sardars had been receiving heavy purses from the governments of time but never passed the benefits to poor people of their tribes. One has to visit these places to horrifically come to see the reality on the ground. I was posted as a Capt in a Bde at Dera Bugti and travelled to all places upto Kohlu. The contribution of the Sardars in terms of human dev or social benefits to people has been absolutely zilch. Mr Bhutto did away with the Sardari system and introduced key changes which started bearing fruit but were soon neglected.

    With the passage of time, the senior Marris are no more effective, but son Harbyar Marri, now given asylum in
    Switzerland and grandsonof Bugti, Barhamdagh given asylum in UK are calling the shots!! The hypocracy of our western friends speaks volumes for their interests.Is the situation similar to Syria as to be discussed at a committee of US Congress?? Our media gives only half truths. imagine Akbar Bugti being called a Shaheed!! Thanx to the stupid Commando, Shuda General for hastening AB’s death and making him a hero from the biggest thug!
    It is time we wake up from slumber, take complete cognizance of the correct perspective and initiate solid and effective measures. Firstly, we must do away with the Levies and enforce Police system. We must provide employment to Baluch youth on pri. Musharraf’s induction of Baluchs in the Army was a step in the right direction. We must focus on infrastructure and comm. Above all we must see that the funds reserved for Baluchistan do not end up in few hands at provincial govt level but precipitate benefits for the masses. We must stop condemning the FC 24/7. FC should, thro ISPR, be allowed to count their achievments and also expose the mischiefs of anti state elements. Americas interests and Indian involvement must be regularly highlighted at appropriate forums. Development of Cantonment at Kohlu should be given pri.Although economist may not agree to the per capita dev and the ratio of advantages etc, the long term benefits can neautralize the fast deteriorating situation.

    Best regards,
    Arif Zaki,


    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 17, 2012 at 8:21 am

      Well said,Colonel Arif.
      I too was posted in,general area, Dera Bugti in 1977,
      and,am well aware,of the condition of poor public,who irked
      a living,as slaves,to the system,left by British,and i have
      highlighted,the logic of its creation,by Robert.Sandeman.

    • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:37 pm

      0.0001% of the worth of Natural Gas and other Minerals we have been stealing from lands of these Sardars have been put in a Purse every year and that Purse used to be so ‘heavy’ with Pak Currency that it was carried to these Sardars on big Truck Trailers.
      You see, its their fault that they were not giving out some of that money to their Subjects. You see, their Subjects are not Pakistanis so, we could not give out any money to them because that would have been regarded as interference in Domestic Politics of Independent Baluchistan, right?
      Liar, Pants on Fire …!

  • HH  On February 17, 2012 at 2:11 am

    Watch this video, the Sardars at work to break up Pakistan,


  • Shwebo  On February 17, 2012 at 4:35 am

    Another well researched historical piece from Naveed who has spent an year of his life traveling on foot in interior Balochistan while finding out these details.An interesting debate is developing, whether a great game plan or colonial sardari system, we must admit that our successive governments have failed to address the real problem of common people of Balochistan. Our establishment sitting in Islamabad is totally oblivious to the real problems as their vision is only limited to Quetta and Gawadar. They have no clue about sentiments and environments prevailing in interior Balochistan for which they must foot the area like author has done it to dig out facts.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 17, 2012 at 9:51 am

      Well, you too,Sir can verify,the conditions,that were in vogue,by virtue of the sardari system,in the general area around Dera Bugti,Even the hens and eggs,with the poor were by right,owned by the sardars of the region,what say of sheep,cattle and the donkeys.All,those, who could manage fled, to the cities,to live a decent life.The royalty from sui gas fields kept,the sardars in style.

    • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:42 pm

      What do you mean?
      You mean there are some Balochis, who do not live in Quetta and Gwadur?
      I thought, Justice Iftekhar was Baloch until someone said, “Punjabi with Balochistan Domicile occupying Supreme Court seat in Balochi Quota”. That person must be a Liar because Justice Iftekhar speak Balochi fluently, right?

  • Islam Huq  On February 17, 2012 at 9:28 am

    Thanks and appreciate your research.

  • Mohyuddin Hassan Khan  On February 18, 2012 at 3:59 am

    Well I think the writer is displaying more of bookish knowledge then the factual know how!!! If one needs to talk about the serious problem of Balochistan then one should go into the province all the way then only one can comment on such serious problems. We sit in our cozy study or drawing rooms and give bookish comments that is why the people of Pakistan has never realized the actual problem and no solution has been found in 64 yrs or so!!!!!!! STOP TALKING SHOP FROM THE COZY STUDY OR DRAWINGROOMS……….

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 18, 2012 at 4:36 am

      Bookish indeed MHK !
      It is a pleasure to know,that you are well,and have Time to read,
      However the Facts are what have been stated above,And,so remains the
      Root cause of the Evil,which is,The Sardari system,and the Exodus of the poor,people of the regions to other areas,to earn a living,Just see, the fate of ‘Kalpars; the major tribe,of the region,i.e Dera Bugti.

      • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:45 pm

        Yeah, yeah blame the Sardar because Balochis are following their Sardars, who are educated. Otherwise, those illiterates would not know, even name of their Province. Lay it all on Sardars …!

  • Riaz  On February 18, 2012 at 4:06 am

    An informative article and after reading the historical perspective i ,surely, stands more educated on the subject.In my opinion two most powerful pillars of the society,judiciary and media, have to play their role which so far they hvnt.just to give an example when Nawab shahzain Bugti was caught, smuggling arms and ammunition of worth Rs 46 million from Afghanistan to Quetta and what happened next! He was bailed out by our powerful and free judicial system within weeks of red handed apprehension.Now coming over to media coverage ,a statement given by one of baloch leader,Dr. Wahid Baloch, President of Baloch Society of North America, says, “We love our Indian friends and we want them to help us and rescue us from tyranny and oppression. In fact, India is the only country which has shown concern over the Baloch plights, but showing concern is not enough. We want India to take Balochistan’s issue to every international forum, the same way Pakistan has done to raise the so-called Kashmiri issue. We want India to openly support our just cause and provide us with all moral, financial, military and diplomatic support.” ………..neither the print nor electronic media ever tried to show faces of such people who are also contributing in ongoing unrest in Baluchistan .

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 18, 2012 at 8:11 am

      Well said,Riaz Sahib,people like this,Dr. wahid Baluch,living in the North American Zone,have the backing of,”The Carnegie Journalist Program’,established for our regions,which is fast becoming a Hub of the upcoming so called writers,who remain superficial in their research,and never venture deep to inquire or find the reason why.Though outwardly it is all,for the poor human-sufferings,in reality they project and plan,and give rationale for the forth coming American forward policies,well in time by creating a hype,though they are not bothered,of the aftermath of the interventions,and the related sufferings,as seen across the Globe.
      Here it would be pertinent to quote on the root cause,”The Sardari system,” in the words of ,Aijaz Ahmad,a communist-oriented writer,as to what his comments were on the Baluchi insurgency in the mid-1970’s,”The only appreciable result of the insurgency has been to,’prop up the leading sardars of the insurrection,as the leaders of Balluchistan,Today,the sardars have retained their feudal powers and have gained a political legitimacy in addition”.(The National Question on Baluchistan,by Aijaz Ahmad p-30/31.1975).

    • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:50 pm

      Balochis are Traitors and not good Moslims because they could have trusted us Moslim Punjabis to solve their problems for another 63 years. Its not right to be so impatient and start begging Kaafir Hindus of India for help against us pious, saintly and Pak Moslims. Definitely is near the Rozay QiyaamaT that our good Slaves, the Balochis are seeking Indian and American Help.

  • Sajid  On February 18, 2012 at 4:07 am

    The article is based on historical facts,leads to the root causes of the Baluchistan problem,,Causes are the same,,lack of social,political and economical development interest, of the Governments for last sixty years,and the black mailing of Sardars.Now these two weaknesses are exploited by different international actors, primarily India and America.To,overcome the unrest,and foreign intervention.A wise and effective Foreign policy required,Now its time to think ,how to extricate from American camp respectfully,,An emergency of social ,economic and political development required as well,,,

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 18, 2012 at 8:14 am

      sajid sahib,thankyou for your comments.

    • S U Turkman  On February 20, 2012 at 11:56 pm

      ‘Emergency Social, Economic and Political Development help required’ in ‘Bullet-istan’, I am sorry, rather Baluchistan?
      Why, when Bullets are working just fine in Baluchistan for the last few years?

  • ZA Khan  On February 18, 2012 at 8:17 am

    1. Good brief effort to trace origin of term Baluch or Baloch.
    2. It is a shameful travesty of facts to say that Pakistan Army invaded Balochistan at the time of Independence of Pakistan and many Baloch were killed. Nothing of the sort happened. Quaid e Azam received Khan of Kalat at Ziarat. The Khan was only too pleased to cede all powers to Pakistan. Rest of Balochistan had no political enitity and became part of Pakistan as per Partition arrangements.
    2. It was not Presidential Ordinance of 1976 but Abolition of Sardari System Act 1976. This was passed by Parliamne tof Pakistan which had due share of elected representatives from Balochistan and promulgated by Late Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto the then President and later Prime Minister of Pakistan. Unfortunately neither he nor his successors including military dictators enforced this law. All followed a policy of emancipation of Sardars. All leading Sardars have held constitutional positions in varous elected Houses. The have also enjoyed membership of Pakistan’s Parliament and continue to do that till now. Nawab Muhammad Akbar Bugti has been Governor for one tenure of 5 years and Chief Minister of Balochistan for two part tenures. Sardar Atta Ullah Mengal has been Governor and also CM of Balochistan. Mr. Akhtrar Mengal was a Deputy Director in Rice Corporation in 1985. He was got retired and got elected as member of Balochistan Provincial Assembly in 1985. Later he became Chief Minister. Marris, Bugtis and Mengals are large tribes. They have various factions. Some have deep hatred of each other. Some small minority of current generation of these Sardars are creating suicidal environment for vested interest. This small number loves Pakistan when in power. They hate Pakistan when out of power. Today there is an elected Provincial Assembly like always in Balochistan. Balochis are also occupying their well deserved elected positions in Pakistan’s Parliament Lower and Upper Houses. Democracy is in full form in the Province and Balochi political leadership is running the affairs of Balochistan. There is no dictatorship. No military invovement. FC is operating under policital provincial governement.
    3. There are some genuine grievances but that does not mean taking to hills and moving to European destinations to benefit for persoal gains from enemies of Pakistan. Thousands of settlers have been killed by dissidents (with leadership in Europe) to create hatred. As against that security agencies may have killed some in live encounters.
    4. We should not blame West or America for what we have to correct. Unfortunatel our Press has failed to project the prevailing situation correctly and our politicians have failed to find time to attend to this menace. Youngsters operating outside can be called back. Their viewpoint can be listened to and they can allowed to merge with their kith and kin and participate in building Balochistan which is integral and inseparable part of Pakistan. Nevertheless Pakistan has to promulgate something like Manroe Doctrine. Afterall the U.,S of today belonged to Red Indians. Where are they today? Manroe Doctine blocked further migration from all over the World and reserved the Country for those who were all in by that time. Balochistan belongs to Balochis and Balochistan belongs to Pakistan. Let us settle our issues ourselves amicably and honorably.
    Peacefully and lovingly of my dear Balochistan of Pakistan,

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 19, 2012 at 6:08 am

      Thankyou ZA KHAN SAHIB
      For your comments and the directions,for a solution to the quagmire.

    • S U Turkman  On February 21, 2012 at 12:04 am

      That’s right. Just like USA belonged to Red Indians 500 years ago, Baluchistan belonged to Balochis 63 years ago. Since we without settling in Baluchistan American Settlers have advanced Baluchistan so much just like the Europeans Settlers in USA and we have been only stealing Natural Resources of Baluchistan, it belongs to us now, not to Balochis.What a reasoning …!
      What a Logic …! Jzaak Allah …! Allaho Akbar …! Pakistan ZinDaahaad …!
      Pakistani Islam ZinDaabaaD …!

      • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 21, 2012 at 5:18 pm

        read how balluchistan came into being and for what purpose,and for whose welfare alone,certainly not for the masses,as the bulk live outside,mostly in the,central punjab & sindh,since the last 500 years or so,have they been sent a invitation, to come and live,in the region, if it is for the Balluchi alone ?
        And,would they go,under these british created sardars ?

  • Agha Gul  On February 19, 2012 at 10:45 am

    An excellent article, weldon.
    I have taken the liberty of adding some additional sentences which are not negating the writer but I think make his paper more clear. The additional sentences have been highlighted.

    This is the FIRST EVER article I have seen written in recent times. This needs to be circulated widely. There are more Baloch living in Sindh and Punjab than in so called Balochistan. This fact also needs to be widely circulated to ignorant people, which now include US Congress also.

    The original Balochistan comprised the 4 states of Brahuis/Baloch known as Turan till 1700 AD. In 1754, Ahmad ShahDurrani , king of Afghanistan, named a man Nasir Khan, who was a Brahui , KHAN OF KALAT and allowed him to rule, basically Kalat area. Later other Brahui/Baloch sardars were also brought under control. In 1854, all these 4 states went under British suzerainty through a pact for Rs. 50,000 a year. In 1896, the British who had captured Afghanistan in 1876, carved out a part by drawing Durand Line, took over Marri Bugti areas, Sindh down to Jacobabad, named it British Balochistan and ruled it directly through a Agent to Governor General as a Commisionerate. The Baloch/Brahui states were allowed to be run as a loose federation by the Khan of Kalat, with a British Major as Resident in Kalat. The Western Boundary of these states with Iran were also marked by the British and Persia made to accept. Some coastal area stayed under Sultan of Muscat. This and the border with Iran were revised during Pres Ayub Khan’s rule.

    In 1947, Old Balochistan was designated as Kalat Division and the British Balochistan where Pashtun lived and was under the British and a part of Sindh, were designated as Quetta Division, and ruled as part of West Pakistan.

    The present day Balochistan came into being in 1970 with demolishing of One Unit. The Quetta and Kalat Divisions were merged to name them, of course wrongly, Balochistan.

    To judge the sparse population, please remember while the area of Old Balochistan was huge, some 200,000 sq Km, population in 1854 estimated by the British, of old Balochistan was 254,000 only.

    Today, population of old and British Balochistan merged with a sliver of Sindh, Nasirabad, collectively, is about 7 million.

    Agha Gul.

  • Salim Nawaz Gandapur  On February 20, 2012 at 2:44 am

    Dear All,AA
    Pl, listen to the video.
    Congressman dana Rorabascher begins, in the Congressional Hearing by stating that the Baluch are ruled by Regimes(Pakistan,Iran, Afghanistan) ” hostile to American interests and values.”—Practically a conferring of OVERT enemy status!
    Pl. ponder appropriate URGENT responses at all levels, including CIVIL SOCIETY! DISPASSION must determine future courses of Action, not self defeating , blind outrage!
    Salim Gandapur

  • Raja Mujtaba  On February 20, 2012 at 5:35 am

    We have let the whole thing slip out of our hands, and some fools like Parvez Musharraf have been boasting and bragging about the the killing of Nawab Akbar Bugti. Now before its delayed any further, Musharraf must be pulled back into the country and tried for Bugti’s murder; if found guilty, must be hanged in Dera Bugti in public.

    Moreover the demography of Balochistan has Pakhtuns in majority and then there are other tribes also like Mehranis and Makranis. In future setup beofre its too late, all these groups must be declared as provinces like other provinces of Pakistan with same statues.

    • S U Turkman  On February 21, 2012 at 12:10 am

      PushToons are about 40% of population of Baluchistan just like they are about 40% of population of Afghanistan. Only K. PakhToon Khwah is 97% PushToon so, actually there are more Afghans in Pakistan than they are in Afghanistan.

  • Arif Khan  On February 20, 2012 at 9:34 am

    Dana Rohrabacker is a California Republican who was very Pro Pakistan in the 80’s to 2000, than became anti Pakisatn after he met some raea hard core Pakistani Fundamentalists and openly stated that he had more in Common with his Indian Counterparts than the Pakis who were a Brain damaged Pain in the Ass people. I heard his statement he said in a interview i was watching on Ch 28… As you know Paks are their own worst enemy… I think he was approached by the Baluchistan movement and in connivance with the Indian Lobby… But this doesnt amount to a hill of beans as its the Pentagon, the rest of the Republicans and White house who Laughs at him!! But having said that if Pakisatn continues with the Jaamaat E Islami and supporting Talibans and other Hard right Sunni Groups Pakisatn will suffer very badly in the long run. We must distance ourselves from these “Losers” or we are dead in the Water Arif

  • Khan Zia  On February 20, 2012 at 9:39 am

    It is amazing how all the media creepy crawlies have come out of the woodwork on cue trying to turn what is essentially a externally inspired and supported terrorist campaign into a just cause for Pakistan. Only in Pakistan do the media champion the cause and lionize traitors and terrorists that act against the country. Would the British media have acted in the same way in the case of IRA or the Spanish for ETA or the Indians for the Kashmiris, Sikhs and Naxallites?

    • S U Turkman  On February 21, 2012 at 12:16 am

      Yes, British Media does this all the time. Otherwise, Ireland would not have been born out of Great Britain and no Scotland wants to separate from Britain also and Media has not called Scots Traitors so far. Do you remember for how many decades we have been calling everybody ‘Traitor ‘except for ourselves, the Punjabis?
      Why don’t you read a bit more and learn, Kid …!

      • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 21, 2012 at 6:58 am

        Stop distorting the history of your master race,poor irish,are still fighting,the scot too had, been fighting the influx of the Anglo-saxons.(Your English).study the profile, of your past American presidents and their ethnic composition.But for the English the colonies would never,have, had been,settled.

    • Usman Khalid  On February 21, 2012 at 4:59 pm

      I wholeheartedly support the remarks of Commodore K Hussain Zia.

      Why do’nt our anchors ask rebel Baluch rebel leaders and other politicians the following questions?

      1. Who made the Khan of Kalat the Khan? Who did he or his ancestors defeat in battle to acquire the territory that he claims and wants to rule over?
      2. Who created the Nawab of Marri and of Bugti? As the British that, how does it confer legitimacy to their overlordship over the tribe?
      3. The rebel leaders say that military operations have been carried in Baluchistan five times? Was’nt there a rebellion before the operation? If there was, the operation was justified. What are they complaining about?
      4. Are they not leading an armed rebellion? Did they not get weapons and money from the Soviet Union and Afghanistan in the past and from India, Mossad and the CIA now? Do they deserve a reward for their treachery?
      5. The most effective response to treason and rebellion is ‘decapitation’. Pakistan hesitated in East Pakistan in 1971 and it is hesitating now. It is counter-productive to kill hundreds; it is best to deal with the leaders as was done against Khan of Kalat in 1953. Why does Pakistan not do it now?

      Usman Khalid
      Chairman Rifah Party of Pakistan

      • Ayaz Ahmed Khan  On February 21, 2012 at 5:00 pm

        Dear Usman Khalid,
        When Nawab Bughti Bombed Sui Gas installations and Sui Pipe Line 273 times and caused billions of dollars losses the Pakistan’s economy, why the Baluchistan and the Federal arrest his as a arsonis and bring him to justice. All the Chief Ministers from day one were Baloch Sardars. They were given billion of Rupees for the development of the. They squandered and stole the billions. Why does not the federal government disclose the billions allotted for the development, along with the names of the Baloch Sardars who were Chief Ministers. Nawaz Bugti was Governor of Balochistan. Please tell us what did he do for the uplift of the Baloch people.
        Is it a fact that Sui Gas Co Ltd had employed 2000 illiterate Bugiti tribesmen, on paper; they never showed up for work and their salaries were being pocketed by Nawab Akbar Bugti.
        Is it a fact that Nawab Bugti black mailed Pakistan, and yet received Rs nine crore annually.
        Is it a fact that since decades all the members of the Provincial Assembly were made cabinet ministers and even now are provincial ministers, drawing huge salaries, indulging in neptism ands huge corruption, and pocketing every grant given for the education, social development and up-loifr of the poor Baloch people.
        Is it a fact that some provicial ministers are engaged in kidnappings, and take little notice of kidnappings for ransom or other heinious crimes being committed by the so called BNA- the bunch of traitors who call them selves Baloch National Army.
        I agree with every thing that you have said. The Baloch Sardars have looted Baluchistan and exploited its people. This truth must be told without fear. Thank you.

      • S U Turkman  On February 22, 2012 at 12:24 am

        That’s right.
        Who created Punjabi dominated Pak Military?
        Who included Punjab in to Pakistan, when Punjabis had hated creation of Pakistan?
        Nobody. Allah did. Therefore, Pakistan is sole ownership of Punjabis and its their right to loot, whoever they want; let live whoever they want and kill whoever they want. Allaho Akbar …!

  • Farrokh  On February 21, 2012 at 1:12 pm

    Such an eye opener this article. All that we were ever taught in school was wrong and lies. I hope your information is there in the school books of these times. You should aeast approach TCF for them to I Clyde this in their course books. And other private shools. CAS in Karachi and LYCeum at the senior level.

  • Agha Gul  On February 21, 2012 at 5:01 pm

    Dear Ayaz A Khan,
    All the points hereunder are solid, TRUE and merit consideration by PM, CJ of SC and COAS! Somebody please for the love of this country, pass on to them.

    The Home Minister of Balochistan Zafarullah Zehri( whose remaining 2 brothers are also Ministers and in litigation against each other blaming for attacks on them) said in press only 5 days ago, that some Ministers were sponsoring kidnappings, lootings and even sabotage. Minister Sadiq Umrani, prov Head of PPP quickly refuted him, while his real brother was caught red-handed doing the same.

    PM has called an APC for Balochistan, which is like Nawaz Sharif visiting Jordan when Bush attacked Iraq! No APC as the answer lies in the following measures:

    1. Immediate dismissal of prov assy, trial of all MPAs to see how much crime has been prevailing due to them and what have
    they done with Rs. 250 million given as “development fund” every year to them while there is No Development actually.

    2. Firm governor rule for 2-3 years by a professional, certainly not a politician, with 4-6 ministers and establishing writ of govt
    lost by incumbent executive/legislature, while High Court makes special tribunals, even borrowing judges from other provinces
    to speedily try and punish criminals.

    3. Both at federal and provincial levels, using all elements of national powwer, sniff out/shut down foreign support to
    militancy/insurgency in Balochistan.

    4. The dilapidated roads, projects, specially roads started by Pres Mussaraf but left midway by PPP since past 4 years are
    completed and displaced persons of Bugti area are taken care of. The insurgents, stooges of CIA/RAW/Mossad sitting in
    Switzerland, London, Geneva and NYC to be tried for High treason and their kith and kin enjoying the bounties of Pakistan
    living in Karachi Defence Housing to be tried for supporting the traitors. These people are traitors by any measure and need to
    be treated as such.

    4. Finally, if the militants are willing to TALK for their genuine grievances, a special tribunal with full powers allowed by
    prov/federal govt to negotiate. But the initiative Must come from militants.

    No Army intervention is needed. The police and levies will become effective without the political meddling and FC can re-establish the writ of govt. Militants/insurgents are not many, nor much motivated. I say this with full responsibility knowing the ground realities.

  • maqsood  On February 21, 2012 at 7:58 pm

    All we have ever done is indulge in appeasement of various people–Americans, Indians and Sardars.At the same time we have forgotten that Baluchis are sincere Pakistanis and want to be part of the progress train.

    Those who seek an independent Baluchistan are in minority and even this minority would vanish if the Baluch were given the treatment that they so richly deserve.I have lived among these people and believe a more honest , hardworking people and loyal Pakistanis do not exist.

    What has happened is that a few of the so-called Indian lovers are pretending to be leaders of these people and the West is protecting those creating trouble.Giving asylum to petty criminals.We should also try to give asylum to those seeking partition of the United States or Britain and then see the reaction.

    Come on intruders, hands off Pakistan .Let every country decide its own fate. there should not be any interference from anyone, anywhere.

    • S U Turkman  On February 25, 2012 at 5:36 am

      Majority of Pakistanis actually want to be free of you Punjabis and kick you out of Pakistan, not Baluchistan. Your accusation against Balochis that they have become Agents of Indians and Americans are nothing new. All Pakistanis know, except for yourself, you have declared all them Traitors of Pakistan and Foreign Agents before. Nothing is new. Whoever you bastard Kooffaar want to start killing, you declare them Traitors of Pakistan.
      Your Punjabi Military has killed more Moslims since its birth of from Bangladesh to Afghanistan and Bahrain to Jordan than any other Moslim Army, forget about any Non Moslim Army of the world.
      Remember there is God, who is watching and you will die one day Satanic Savages …!

      • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 25, 2012 at 6:43 am

        A pity really Turkman on you for your lack of insight in our internal matters,but enlightenment being a must,as your ranting,can mislead,a average reader,which is the purpose of your charade,The Region which you accuse of being the culprit,has over the time been the melting point of all diverse ethnic races,that your tardy mind can think,It was only after the fall of multan revolt,led by Dewan Mulraj,and the subsequent surrender by the sikh Durbar,that we were thrust with the punjab,term of geographic identity.and if 1947 be a benchmark,then we had this identity of only a 100 years or so,
        and your indirect masters likewise,wrongly awarded the Balluchistan term,when they set up their balluchistan agency,to serve their ends alone.
        Like they had setup the Rajputana Agency of 127,541 square miles,but this agency may have a rationale as it was composed except for TONK,of all Rajput Hindu states,having a common language and culture to greater extent,whereas the Balluchistan Agency and the term had no historical past,or claim,on the regions that were grouped in one entity.It had a minority of the old Kuchi nomands,now termed Balluchi,which incidently have a major mix of local old Sindhi tribes and their septs,As to giving them Tumandari,well that was,the requirement of their Overlords the Barrohi,Khan of Kalat,who is a Brarrohi,and Ethnically and Linguistically both Balluchi and Barrohi are poles apart.Read and go in details before you,give your viewpoint ,TURKMAN.
        By the way did you read,what i wrote about ethnic past,of the Turkman,term.

  • S U Turkman  On February 22, 2012 at 12:31 am

    Agha Gul,
    Are you trying to be a Traitor of Pakistan like me?
    You see in Pakistan, its treason to say anything in favor of anybody that our Punjabi Lords have declared Traitors, Indian Agents, US Agents, Zionist Agents etc. This Sin is punishable by Death so, now say ‘bye, bye’ to ever going back to Pakistan …!
    As soon as you land in Karachi, you would be whisked by ISI, never to be found again like many brave people before you.

  • S U Turkman  On February 25, 2012 at 6:55 am

    Sure, sure. Tajammal,
    What you want to say is, Sardar of Baluchistan should be shot dead because all of them are fake but your hidden reason is, beacuse they stood up against Pakistan’s Occupation of their land and you also want to say, legally there is no claim of anybody on Baluchistan so, its birth right of us Punjabis to keep looting its Natural Resources.
    Baluchistan, Saraikistan, Baltistan, Sindh, PakhToon Khwah, Northern Areas do not need right of Self Determination because they are Domestic Problem of Pakistan but our Mercenaries called Taliban are not Domestic Problem of Afghanistan and our Mercenaries called JehaaDis in Kashmir are not Domestic Problem of India, right?
    I perfectly understand your Expansionist Savage Philosophy.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 25, 2012 at 8:28 am

      We have a claim on the Sindh valley Basin,Etched in Time,”The Savage” term
      is typically American,as in the Noble Savage who Collaborated with the Yankee,Expansionist,in the North American Zones,and the Blood Thirsty Savage who resisted them !
      Good Turkman,your views i.e the Yankee mindset,is getting clearer by the day !

      • S U Turkman  On February 25, 2012 at 5:24 pm

        The Problem with your theory is, Yankees have not tried to expand for more than a Century and Pakistan has been expanding since her birth and wants to keep expanding in to Kashmir and Afghanistan. If USA had wanted to expand, she would not have freed Philippines in 1936 and would not have let go Japan and countries (from east of India to Korea and eastern USSR and all the East Indies) that she had occupied in 1945.
        Has Pakistan let go any of nations that she occupied without a fight?

      • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 26, 2012 at 5:27 am

        The problem with your type of american operators is that,you guys get hardly any time to study,glued as you all are to your desks,TURKMAN.
        Your Buddies Vacated The Philippines,not on their own Accord,but after an Act of God,the eruption of Mount.Pinatubo,in 1991,by which your huge Clark Base,Military and Air,was Buried under Ash and Mud,The cost of repair and replacement of Air force planes and other like things,would have broken the back of American Tax payers,and the Soviet Empire was going in a Nose dive crash,The destruction was also visited upon at your Subic Bay,Naval base,in the Philippines,And the nail in the coffin was the Government of Philippine,EXPELLED THE AMERICANS FROM THEIR SOIL IN 1992.
        However judging from the latest reports they are back in Philippines,with full charm,and offers and promises,though they deny that No new bases will opened however military assistance, focused on counter-terrorism,due to Humanitarian grounds, will be provided beside cooperation in military activities,can you beat that !

  • maqsood  On February 25, 2012 at 10:51 am

    It is strange that the only person on this site who indulges in foul-mouthed discussions is our friend Turkman.Even the name doesn’t exist in Pakistan .
    Anyway that’s his business.What I have always advocated is giving Baluchis all the rights that they so rightly desire .That should be true for all Pakistanis, based on equality for all — Sindhis , Baluchis, Paktoons, Punjabis and Kashmiris.It is then, and only then, that we can improve as a nation.
    All these people who are advocating freedom are not the real inhabitants of those areas.They owe their exitence to their old masters — the British and their new masters –the Indians.
    Way back in 1977, 51 rifles , 19 machine guns and 20,000 rounds of ammunition were recovered from a village near Mastung.What’s important here is that the numbers on these weapons were the same as on the arms that the Pakistan Army had surrendered to the Indian Army on the fall of East Pakistan.
    Our the then government instead of bringing the Indian hand to light chose to keep the information secret in the name of diplomacy.What did we gain– Indians training people to fight against the Pakistan Army.This information is just the tip of the iceberg.It is people like Turkman who raise their voices in the name of freedom without even knowing the meaning of the word.Just wake up and smell the coffee or have you already had a cup from your masters.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 25, 2012 at 12:02 pm

      Maqsood sahib,
      The Wisdom of Turkman,graces a number of Blogs,and he has been doing so now for quite some time,seems to be a Yankee operator,posing as a Pakistani,
      looks like he has been assigned the job to monitor,blogs,and propagate the power of American military might and gives the rationale of their forward policies from,time to time,his main task is to create the element of doubt,and mislead the reader.

    • S U Turkman  On February 25, 2012 at 5:42 pm

      How can people living in Pakistan Occupied areas say things so openly, when you keep killing them all the time so savagely?
      Even a few of them living abroad can not open their mouths because when they come back to visit their relatives you arrest them from Airport and make them disappear on regular basis?
      Even I did not know, anything about all the Nawabs and Khans of Pakistan Occupied Territories and States that have died in Pak Custody, when I was growing up in Lahore. No newspapers could publish, how many have been in Jails of Military Political Agents of Northern Territories and for how long without any trial. Nobody could publish Baluchistan was an Occupied Territory.
      If all that was for good of Pakistanis, where is it?
      Why Is Pakistan still one of the most backwards and poor country of world?
      Was Pakistan built to become a Military Staged Democracy?
      Was Pakistan built to be looted by just some people of an Ethnic Group and their Collaborators?
      No and whoever thinks the other way is a 7th Century Savage.

  • S U Turkman  On February 27, 2012 at 4:30 am

    Ignorant Tajammal does not know, how to read. He claims, USA freed Philippines in 1991 but people of that country and UN record shows USA freed her in1935.
    USA had bought those islands in 1898 from Emperor of Spain. They were free, when they were conquered by Japan in WW II and USA had to free them in 1945 just like, all the countries East of Japan to India and East Indies.
    I have no idea, where the hell this man is coming up with his these crazy stories.

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On February 27, 2012 at 5:15 am

      if one went by your version of facts,then history would have to be re-written,by the Americans once again as the English did in the 18th century.
      However the Japanese came to dislodge your lot,but for a twist in fortunes they lost the War.your lot was expelled in the years mentioned in my last post,because the leases were Not renewed.

      • S U Turkman  On February 27, 2012 at 5:20 am

        Thanks for letting me know, your version of History of Eastern Asia. Please tell at least Pakistan’s Friend China to adopt this because even China does not agree with your B.S. and none of the nations in this world.
        Have you ever published your fake version of history in a book form so far?
        No Wonder.
        I beg you again sir, stop reading my posts and so you don’t have to retaliate with your lies. You are earning too many Sins by your this lying. Did you know, lying is one of the Basic Sins in Islam and all other religions of this world, my Lord?

  • saeed  On June 22, 2012 at 3:43 am

    Sir An Excellent and Well Researched Article Great Job.I Have Two Questions If You Would Be Kind Enough
    1.I Hear That The Iranian Port of Chahbahar Was Once A Part of Pakistan and It Was Ceded To Iran By Ayub Khan
    2.Soviets In The Late Sixties Had Offered To Develop Gwadar Port
    I Would Be Really Grateful If You Could Give A Detailed and Well Researched Answer(Or An Article Like The Above Maybe) Whether The Above Two Points Are True
    Thank You

    • NAVEED TAJAMMAL  On June 28, 2012 at 6:47 am

      Chahbahar,was not ceded to iran,by Ayub Khan,in fact Gwader was bought back from oman ,on 08 september 1958,when General. Iskander Mirza,was the President of Pakistan,Ayub took over in October,1958.Yes references do exist of the Soviet offer to firstly build in late sixties,a road linkng Kandhar via chaman to one of five undeveloped ports on the Makran Coast,they also offered to help build up the one of the five places into actual ports,But,it was seen in those times as move to get across to[ age old dream of Czars of russia],the warm waters,hence not taken,in the mid-1970s one again.ONE, finds Soviets pursuing this agenda,with ZAB.And meetings of Azimov [Russain AMBASSADOR] and ZAB on the subject matter.
      I will write a detailed article,on it subsequently,as you wish,thankyou for the kind words.
      Saeed Sahib.

      • saeed  On June 29, 2012 at 1:26 pm

        Sir I Think That I May Have Not Expressed Myself Clearly We All Know That In 1962 There Was A Boundary Agreement Between Pakistan and Iran.Some Pakistani Territory Was Ceded To Iran Like Zahidan(Which Was Once The Last Railway Station of Pakistan and is Now Of Iran,Mir Java and A Strip of The Makran Coast Known As Khalij e Gavatar It Is In This Area That Contained Chahbahar(Which Was A Fishing Village At That Time and Therefore Not Worth Noticing) I Did Not Meant That Just Chabahar Was Handed Over But Also A Very Vital Coastal Territory Which Linked The Ultra Strategic Strait Of Hormuz To The World Markets(Correct Me If I Am Wrong Anywhere)
        Now With This Clarification I Hope You Can Give Me a More Appropriate Answer(Or A Lovely Well Researched Article As I Would Hope For)
        Thank You For Your Willingness To Write About Gwadar Port.I Know That in 1965 The Planning Commission Identified It As A Feasible Port Location and Ever Since Then Every Pakistani Government Tried To Develop Gwadar Port
        I Have Heard A Lot Of Things About It like Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Was Willing To
        Give The Soviets Access to Warm Waters (For Commercial Purposes) In Return Of Their Offer To Build Gwadar Port But Was Dis Allowed By The Army,Both Ayub Khan and Bhutto Tried To Woo The Americans Into Building It and One Of The Corruption Allegations Against Nawaz Sharif Was That He Gave The Contract of Gwadar Port Development to a Defaulted American Company(What Was That All About??????)
        I Would Love To See a Well Researched Article Like Your Other Ones on Both Chahbahar and Gwadar Port Development and Government Attempts To Build It(Not Just That Soviet Offers)
        Thank You Sir, Sorry If My Long Reply Irritated You

      • Naveed Tajammal  On June 29, 2012 at 2:09 pm

        Saeed sahib,
        Thankyou for your information,i will look in the relevant books,and get back,however if you can access the book’ the biography of Sir Mortimer Durand,by Sir.Percy Sykes.edition of 1926,which i have,in my library,and study the Map,in the pocket of the book,Persia and Afghanistan,published by Geographical section .General Staff no.2149,checked by war office april 1912,
        railways revised jan.1920,and updated till Dec.1921.your query on Zaidan & the rail-link,as well chahbar,will be worth your while to clear the Fog.

  • shah  On June 6, 2013 at 3:28 pm

    I Would Like To Commend You On A Well Researched Article.It Is Truly A Pleasure Reading It.I Would Like To Request You To Do A Well Researched Piece On The Early Attempts At Development Of Gwadar.I Have Read Many Things in This Regard.For Example In Mid Nineteenth Century British Tried To Lay Telegraph Cable Here,d.ZWU
    And The Soviets,Omanis and Iranians Also Gave Lucrative Offers To Build This Seaport(I Read That The Soviets Did Build A Small Fishing Harbour In 1960s.
    Sir I Request That You Should Do A Detailed Research Article On Gwadar and It’s History and Potential
    Thank You

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