The Tenth Crusade

A Pakpotpourri Exclusive

By: Naveed Tajammal

Jordanian Archaeologists have discovered a cave underneath the Saint Georgeous Church in RehabArcheeologists have discovered a cave underneath the Saint Georgeous Church in Jordan which they claim dates back to the time of Christ

 

The earliest set up of the Christian Church was similar to the Jewish synagogues but with a Council of ordained Presbytes,’ [ a Greek word meaning a old man ].Till the Apostolic age lasted,1st century AD Jerusalem remained the main Church Headquarters.Thereafter we see a shift,in shape of Episcopal See’s or Patriarchs. However by 4th Century Bishops had taken over & assigned themselves provinces of the Roman Empire.So emerges the Pentarchy from the Greek,word ”pente’ meaning number 5,and ‘archy’ ‘the rule.This was confirmed officially.By Emperor Justinian [527-565 AD ],So emerge the Five centers,Jerusalem,Alexandria,Antioch,Constantinople,and Rome.The formal recognition came by the Quinisext Council in 692 AD,as by then the Muslims had taken over, Alexandria,Antioch and Jerusalem,And Constantinople remained the last Eastern Episcoplal See,beside Rome.
However the Patriachs of the three lived at Constantinople and so continued the See’s.The term Pope’ which is Greek,papas’,Being based in Rome always tried to impose his will on others.However the Eastern Church having Juresalem on its panel where Jesus had lived and died,negated the papal monarchy.In the early period the Pope of Rome,had been subordinate to The Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople and had been appointed by the wish of the emperor through his civil governor in Italy.The problems arose in the break after the two ”Iconoclasm’ disputes,[726-787 AD] and [814-842 AD].This cause of dispute arose as the Eastern part followed the old covenant based on the Ten Commandments by virtue of which,it was forbidden making and worshiping of  images,The western church challenged this on the grounds that the old covenant had ceased to exist by the time of Jesus so they could make images of Jesus,the virgin Mary,and Theotokos [saints],By the 6th century AD,in Christianity the hierarchy of intercession had emerged,reverting back,as Eastern Church claimed to old Paganism,This hierarchy constituted the Trinity at its pinnacle,Christ,Virgin Mary Theokotos and last stood the believer.So in order to seek and obtain a Divine favor believers would pray to Theotokos,[saint] so that through his intercession,the prayer may pass to Christ and onward to God.So had started the old pagan rites of pilgrimages to places sanctified by religion or graves,of the dead saints,so grew as well the needs for Relics’ and images made of wood or stone.The importance to relics grew more after the discovery of the True Cross by Helena the mother of Emperor Constantine l as She had gone to the Holy Places in 326-328 AD.Later claimed through a Dream of a miracle in locating the hiding place of the True Cross,The myth of the True Cross emerges later in a book [1260 AD],written by one Jacopo de Voragine,who was the Bishop of Genoa,in his book ‘The Golden Legend’.
Should one study the Theological anthropology of the Christian faith divided by two main churches, it is amazing,We find sadly,that the original elements of Christianity as propounded by Jesus and communicated to his disciples grew later into a new religion,subjected to the influences of Roman Civilization,Greek Philosophy and the Eastern Theosophy.And so emerges a supernatural aura of Jesus.By the 5th Century BC,the Buddhist preaching had even spread to west,The Greek conquests and the Roman in the East had brought with it the intoxicating influence of its subtle religious ideas,it was termed by West as ‘Gnostism’ which had a massive impact in dissolving the Old Religions,under its touch.Even in the Art and Literature of the period in West we find its prevalence.During the Age of Augustus and his successors it gradually,insensibly undermined the beauteous sensuous mythology of Greece and the harder sterner religion of Rome,and substituted for them a Religion in which,If fear was the prevailing emotion, worshipers still felt that there was more spirituality and  greater claims to universality than their old Religion could give,and within Christianity grew the schisms with passage of Time beside the in-growth of Gnosticism and later Mysticism.The western church as per the stance of the Eastern.Fell in the Great Apostasy,as it had inducted in itself the Greco-Roman mysteries,which it was felt,were needed to attract the Pagans,to become nominal Christians The Catholic Church,took measures to amalgamate,the christian & pagan festivals as well the Eastern Theosophy [Gnosticism].Which created the theory of Original guilt,the pessimistic, aspect of humankind plight,and so the Catholic church,started preaching the Doctrine of Original Sin,which is a item missing in the Eastern church,Even in the western churches three main branches the concept of, original sin, is hotly contested, Lutheran,Catholic & Orthodox,whereas the eastern church stands apart from the three churches mentioned,and rejects any notion of the inherited original guilt,that being,all humans share the guilt of Adams Sin.
St.Augustine rejects the ritual of baptizing the infant,as his logic being,infants need Not be baptized since they have Not committed any sin so far !
The next sore issue has been of Imago Dei [ image of God] and the Free-Will,The imago Dei has been discussed earlier,in the Iconoclast Struggle between the both churches.on the free will aspect ,Luther contented,”After the fall of Adam, free will is a mere expression,whenever it acts in character,it commits a mortal sin’,and so continues the debate,over the interpretations.
A debate over the nature of Jesus, too, surfaced,though earlier the Church,had’ determined,that’ Christ was the Son of God,yet what his exact nature was,remained open to debates.
Arainism,is attributted to Arius [250-336 AD], a christian presbyter [elder priest],and his contention on this issue,that,was Jesus a son of God ? Arius stated,such had Not been the case at the start,but he was created by the church to be a son of God.As historically the concept of Trinity emerges inbetween 325,360 & 431 AD after the coucils of Nicea,Constaniople & Ephesus.
However Islam considers,Jesus a Prophet,but Not Divine,Islam teaches Obsolute Indivisibilty of a supremely sovereign and Transcendent Allah,and Doctrine of Trinity is Blasphemous.
The person to whom the Catholic church is indebted for the Grand Concept of fully developing the Doctrine of Trinity was St.Basil [330-379 AD ] of Cappadocia [central Anatolia,Turkey,The Old Persian region of ‘Katpatuka’ the Land of Horses].The stance of Non-Trinitarians,has been that the Doctrine of Trinity is a prime example of a borrowing from indo-european,persian and egyptian pagan sources.They further stress upon a fact that after the death,of the Apostles,the simple idea of God was lost & the doctrine of Trinity,took its place,due,to the weakness of the church,in accommodating the Pagan Ideas.Now a brief look on the concept of old three [Trinity] in older Religions,to further elucidate the point,Egyptian had,Horus,Isis and osims,The Celtic,Teutatis,Taranis and Egus,Persian,had Mithra ,split in three,The Vedic,had,Mitra,Indra and Varuna,Prussian,had, Perkunos,Patrimpas and Pikuolis,Norse.had ,Odin,Vili and Ve.,Arab had,al-lat,al-uzza and manat,Greek,had,Zeus,Athena and Apollo,The Roman had,Jupiter,Juno and Minerva,Taoism ,has the three,Fu,Lu and Shou,Mahayana Budhism,has the three,Sakamuni,Avalokitesvara,and Ksitigraba;Puranic hinduism had the three,Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva,All this should suffice to ‘substantiate’ my argument.
The papal Monarchy has always striven to gain control over the whole of Christianity by various ruses,The crusades being a prime example,If you study the instigators behind the nine previous and the Tenth in offing,you will find the Popes coaxing the Christianity to serve their ulterior motives under the banner of a crusade.As was seen on the start of the First crusade,which was done on a assurance by Pope Urban ll,to his ‘Flock’,That all Christians who take up arms for the Holy Cause would get Absolution of their past Sin’s, and all who died would get immediate entry into the Heaven”. [Council of Clermont 1095 AD]. The actual motive,was,to take over the heart land of the old  Episcole See of Juresalem,Before coming to the last paragraph of this discourse,I would like to enlighten the reader of the mindset of the Catholic Clergy by remarks,as given by Bishop of Winchester on hearing the appeal,for help by an envoy of Al-mut; after the irruption of Mongols.His words had been ,”Let these Dogs devour each other and be utterly wiped out and then,we shall see,founded on their ruins,the Universal Catholic Church,and then shall truly be one,shepherd and one flock”.[vol.lll,p-6,A History Of Persian Literature,by Edward G.Brown,Cambridge university Press.1920 ].
In the prelude to the Tenth Crusade under progress,we see once again the papal monarchy busy on its mission,by the letter addressed to Christodoulo,The Archbishop of Athens,written in 2001 AD,”It is tragic that the assailants who set to secure free access for Christians to the Holy Lands turned against their brothers in faith…..’.
This has been regarded as an apology though much belated, to the Eastern Church the old enemy,of the Vatican,for the terrible slaughter perpetrated by the Warriors of the 4th Crusade,when they attacked Constantinople[instead of Muslims] to wrest the center of Eastern Church,and end,the controversy  once for all.So Trinity may rule supreme.

 

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Comments

  • Gerda Casier  On April 18, 2013 at 1:03 am

    Naveed, my head is spinning after reading all this. I feel shelled by too many bits and pieces of information, which make me lose track of your original point or points. Could well all be true, what you say , I’m not an expert. I just know I got ‘taught’ a bit differently on some points.
    E.g. pagan rites. They were incorporated in the Christian church after our regions were converted. Lots of our Christian holidays, were ‘installed’ to make the pagans feel more at ease with the church so as to make the transition less painful. E.g. All Saint’s Day and All Soul’s Day is just a ‘bastardization’ of Hallowe’en, the Celtic festival of the dead, the day when the veil between the spirit world and the material world grew very very thin and ‘passages’ were possible.
    As to the Original Sin: I think it also has to do with what is called ‘predestination’ (very important in Calvinism eg). The Christian variant of ‘the Chosen people’.
    As to the ‘Christian’ church we have now, it is largely based on Paulus and his interpretation of what Jesus said. Nobody really knows WHAT he said, in the course of history four gospels were ‘deemed’ fine (Matthew, John, Luke, Mark), the rest were considered apocryphic and thrown in the dustbin.

  • Gerda Casier  On April 18, 2013 at 1:03 am

    I don’t think the ‘regular’ church has been influenced by Buddhism. But I’m not an expert in this. What I really would like to know: what is your main point with this article? What is it you want to prove or repudiate? What’s your leading theory from which your argumentation starts? It’s absolutely not clear to me.

    • Naveed Tajammal  On April 18, 2013 at 1:11 am

      Good question,let others read it as well,i will see how they interpret the article before i give my rationale for writing it or the purpose,fair enough ?

      • Naveed Tajammal  On April 18, 2013 at 4:09 am

        In crux,the crusade has been going on since 2001,hence the reference,to letter sent by pope john paul ll to the archbishop of athens,of the eastern church,and the glimpse given how trinity emegred in christianity,later in the 4th century AD,and from what sources.A simple faith,was complicated by the Vatican popes. i hope this clears some mist,anyway do read my similiar related article.On sufism,a case of likewise distortion.

  • Ghayyur Ayub  On April 18, 2013 at 1:10 am

    Respected Naveed Tajammal Sahib
    No doubt very informative and interesting read.

    It become extremely interesting if one reads it against;
    St James’s history in Dead Sea Scrolls
    The role of Constantine in Nicene Creed
    The history of Pauline Christianity
    Resignation of Pope Benedict
    Background history of Pope Francis
    Dr Ghayur Ayub

  • Wasim Rashid  On April 18, 2013 at 1:13 am

    NT….I’m again sorry to disappoint u, regarding the lineage/origin of trinity concept……. all the stories in every religion (I won’t go into details but can discuss when we meet……I’ll have some security around me in case you try to kill me…lol) are borrowed……from earlier religions/cults/cultures…..no exception here. I’m very surprised that you have not noticed that….and you have only noticed the stories of Christianity ….boggles my mind ……….like perhaps your mind does about me….lol

  • Mian Rafee  On April 18, 2013 at 1:00 pm

    I am flattered by your expecting a reply / comment by me on your above stated Article “The Tenth Crusade”. As such, inspite of being extremely busy I have just read it, and mostly agreeing with Gerda Casier & Mary Jane’s Comments above, My first Impressions are : 1. Your Subject matter is fit for a Christian Theological Phd Thesis, and would be of Interest for Reading in a Jesuit Seminary. Ordinary laymen like us would have difficulty comprehending and digesting the many Historical Facts, Names, Dates, Doctrines etc. squeezed into this brief Article. 2. Maybe due to typo errors, too many Commas have been inserted in each sentence, rendering the flow and Comprehension difficult— Example of 6 Commas, where 3 would have sufficed : “They further stress upon a fact that after the death,of the Apostles,the simple idea of God was lost & the doctrine of Trinity,took its place,due,to the weakness of the church,in accommodating the Pagan Ideas.” 3. Many sentences of this Articles Grammar are weak, and the above Sentence would suffice as a atypical example also ?

  • Naveed Tajammal  On April 18, 2013 at 1:05 pm

    well said,in the english as given in books,of 19th century,the mode of writing differs,from person to person,for further enlightenment Mian M Rafi,sahib i am forwarding you a link.kindly keep in mind english as seen and read is a new language,though,much improved over the years,however for your knowledge alone,Certain aspects of ”punctuation’ with stress,here on comma,are ‘stylistic’ and are thus the writers/author’s/editors choice.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punctuation

    • Mian Rafee  On April 18, 2013 at 11:18 pm

      Naveed Tajammal Sahib, I have read your link . . . and am of the Conviction that You definitely need further Academic Detention at an American Center to learn the last, as well as present Centuries lingua franca and its grammar and punctuations ; so as to escape from your pedantic Anglophile drills . . . !

      • Naveed Tajammal  On April 18, 2013 at 11:19 pm

        Well Mian sahib,your obsession with american-english is amazing,if ,you,have any knowledge to share, give an input, on the subject under discussion,otherwise you can contact me on indusperson@ yahoo.com,it will be a pleasure to teach you about the history and development of your obsessed americans.Please remember in case you might have,forgotten, the discussion is about the vatican having launched the 10th crusade, unless you are from some concern associated with the vatican,and would like to divert the discussion,that is a different,thing,but your marked interest in diverting is intriguing,all the same.lol

  • Shaukat Qadir  On April 18, 2013 at 2:48 pm

    Naveed; you have picked a poor soldier to comment on a ticklish point of history. With apologies, I refuse to oblige, but I still owe you an evening.

  • Mian Rafee  On April 18, 2013 at 11:20 pm

    OU DECIDE … ? I am shocked to read of being accused and Attacked by Naveed Tajammal of “. . . obsession with american-english . . . associated with the vatican . . . marked interest in diverting . . . “. WHILE ALL I stated above in ANSWER to His 2 Posts to me above on His justifying His Antiquated & Fossilized Colonial Masters English was : ” . . . You definitely need further Academic Detention at an American Center to learn the last, as well as present Centuries lingua franca and its grammar and punctuations ; so as to escape from your pedantic Anglophile drills . . . ! “

    • Naveed Tajammal  On April 18, 2013 at 11:20 pm

      Do something better with your time,read on the subject for a change,one suggestion,that may help.lol,american center indeed, well,they have shut them down since 9/11/2001,recall the letter of the pope cited in the same year,in the article.lol,please read the text,and reply in the context.

  • Mary Jane  On April 18, 2013 at 11:22 pm

    ery interesting account of the history of evolution, Naveed. My comment will most likely be beside the point, as I think and write from intuition. In the old days, nature was a complete mystery and story-telling was very popular, so what the well spoken told became like gospel. When they started writing it down, they became like Bibles to the common people. I personally think each of them are free interpretations of the Great Cosmic Riddle, no doubt all prophets were half clairvoyant and had special neurological gifts and perception of spiritual truths. The world would be a better place if they saw religion as a personal thing between one person and the cosmic, Allah, God or Buddha, wherever one lives it will be named differently. There is no justification for the killing crusades or any attacks on people that belief differently than the ruling class. I just read that the arrival of Hinduism in the North of India made all artists and seers pariahs, outcasts. They fled, and the ones that made it to Europe, because of their tan mistaken for Egyptians, became the Gypsies. The Romani language finds its roots in Sanskrit… just another example how a religion turned out more a plague than a blessing… As for trinities, the human race is entirely based on this ideal model of three, to have a complete and satisfying life: man, woman and child. Perhaps three is bound to be a lucky number? Also, their have been many archaeological findings that date back to many many years before any religion was founded. Theory goes they came from another planet, and those wee also considered as “Gods” to the more primitive races that found the traces… Good writing sir, stay blessed!

  • hussain muhammad  On May 31, 2013 at 5:11 am

    aslamalykum.I want go to .europ n best for pukhton .zah dyr garib yam aw khpala garebi na dyr tang shum taso ka zama mada waky da europa pa safar ke sataso ba za dar kam wasalam

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