The First Kalabagh Proposal of 1871

Naveed Tajammal

KB-DamKPK remained part of Punjab till end of  the year 1900,this proposal was, First envisaged, much before, keeping in view the in detail surveys and costing done, to make it a viable project, however the proposal was put in, cold storage, it was only in 1881,That it came again under Review, and, eventually put away. It was proposed that a canal for irrigation of Sindh Sagar Do-aba be made, into a canal colony,[if made it would have been the tenth canal colony in Punjab,], from the sum of [Pounds Sterling], £ 750,000/- allotted by the GOI, to Govt. of Punjab, in 1881, for productive works in Punjab, Major-General .H.W. Gulliver of Royal Engineers, was the Joint-Secretary, to Govt, of Punjab PWD, Irrigation Branch, Who had proposed the idea once again, in a letter.No.910 dt.19 Aug.1881, sent to The Secretary  Govt. of Punjab, this article deals with the arguments which were made, the merits or demerits of the project.

This proposal had been forwarded on a note submitted by Mr. Garbett in 1871,which was attached, with yet, another note on the same subject by General Crofton, then Chief Engineer of Irrigation, in Punjab, in the same year 1871.

It was stated that, there is a point on the Indus just above Kalabagh where the river is confined in a narrow gorge, Waters from Attock to Kalabagh have a rapid declivity, before the gorge the waters are received in a deep pool of some miles in length at a height of 796 feet above sea level, it was proposed to draw water required from this pool, a bed of shingle which existed at the southern end of the pool forms a natural Weir over which the water flows into this place, no works would be required in the river bed, to turn the water into the canal, the shingle bed is a permanent from its natural position, and Indus bed at Kalabagh is much higher, than Jhelum at its corresponding point in its course, so that the canal might run across the Do-aba from Kalabagh into Jhelum, at Shahpur, and thus a canal with its head at Kalabagh will command the whole area lying between the Jhelum and Indus, though the volume of outflow has not been measured at Kalabagh as it varies from time to time, but this exercise can be done, however, we can safely assume it would be ample to supply any demand which may be made upon it for Irrigation,, there is a good supply of building material & land would be cheap, and as traffic is small, few bridges would be required, so that the construction of the canal would not be costly, however the difficulties would be the deep cutting at the head works, and the height to which the head works must be carried, because of the high rise of Indus when in Flood.

The tract to be irrigated was 150 miles in length and 55 miles wide, which embraced the whole of waste land which was presently not giving any income to the state, as the ground water was 90 feet below, so wells were few and irrigation covered a few acres, from each well. The river water supply was far more in excess and would not affect the downstream farm lands, so what mattered most was fixing the dimensions of the canal keeping in view the proposed requirement, as the land to be irrigated was worked out in total to be 5,250,000 acres [Five million two hundred and fifty acres]and to irrigate one third of this area in step one, the water required as per calculations was 8,000 cubic feet per second.

The major issue under debate was that the population of the region was very scanty, and so the return on money to be invested, as the canal colonists would be very few, Here, kindly keep in mind that most of the ground work had been done in the years before 1871,So in 1881 the question was how to solve this issue, and it was necessary to consider from what quarter a population sufficient to cultivate & earn and return to the state the investment done, could be brought in from, The nine canal colonies in our Bars had been filled by canal colonists from the British East Punjab. the districts West of Delhi.

Though it was suggested that, districts which bound this tract on its west, east, north & south, could supply limited number of manpower, However the Lieut-Governor of Punjab was of view that, the greater number could be drawn from the Western-Trans-Indus regions. According to him, the Pathans beyond our borders are accustomed to frequent this tract with their sheep, camels and goats for ages, during the winter seasons, their own cultivable land is very scarce, and highly prized .And the same people would readily work in constructing the canal and cultivate the land irrigated by it after it has been constructed. As an example it was quoted that pathan were very industrious cultivators, as cultivation by them on their small plots in the Bannu valley, and in Peshawar District in the Mohmand and Khalil Tappa’s, as well in the Do-aba and Daudzai, strongly reflected their ability if given a chance. Sir R. Edgerton, the Lieutenant Governor was of a strong opinion that as had been seen since 1855 when borders had been opened for immigration of people from Kabul and Qandahar Regions in Trans-Indus regions, a very large influx had come and were settled in the districts as peaceful citizens & it would a good idea of civilizing our frontier Neighbours, according to our desires, and it would be than easy to manage them much more easily and economically than at present.

It was also assessed that present income from this vast track of land was only,Rs.2,60,344/- earned  by the Govt. through cultivation & water charges and from Grazing Tax dues,Rs.73,827/-.

The Districts through which it was to pass, and bring waste lands under cultivation were Shahpur, Jhang, Bannu, D.I. Khan and Muzzafargarh. However in the end it was the cost of the total project, which amounted to almost £ 5 million [ pounds sterling],a colossal, amount in 1881,and it was decided that for far less cost, the Bar regions could be brought under cultivation.

It should be borne in mind of the nine canal colonies introduced by the British in our, Jech, Rechna & Bari Do-a, the first one was, Sidhnai colony located in the Bari-Do-ab, Multan District, and the colonization period lasted between 1886-1888,and total area which it eventually covered was 250,000 acres. The British were keen to colonize our regions with their own loyal people, who knew the yoke well and would not create issues in recovering the Govt. Dues, therefore from the British East Punjab, came the hordes of Abad-kars used to paying the Tax.

The British undertook in detail revenue settlements in each new district they formed by addition and subtractions, of revenue circles and unwanted lot were transported out to facilitate the new canal colonists, as the income from Agriculture remained the major source of income for the crown, till it ruled our lands, The advent of British revenue system put an end to our old collective ownership by the village communities, and established the Writ of the Crown as the giver of land. The result was as the people went more in the money economy ,they fell deeper in debt, to the new class of  The Market Grain Merchants, and the Masters of all the Hindu Money-Lender, The Debt led, to mortgage of their only Asset the Land, which the Hindu Khatri would be more than willing to assess according to his, own diabolic calculations, the introduction of the Anglo-Saxon Laws, with its, Civil & Penal Code, gave exceptional powers of manipulation to the money-lenders, and with the help of the new breed of Lawyers, which they could well afford, much to the disgust of the poor land owner, who was left at the mercy or whim of the public prosecutor, the law courts became Arena of Agrarian Battles, the winners were, the new breed of Vakils and their Khatri, financiers.

Lastly before the signing of IWT 1960,as the water dispute issue continued with India, one of the proposals was, The Upper-Indus Link’ which passed through the heart of Potohar Plateau and joined Jhelum-Chenab Zone, along with enlarging link canals, and the storage facilities, India would not budge, they wanted the cheapest solution, as this was costing $ 2.3 Billion in 1956.The Indians always the masters of manipulation managed to convince our GOP, the ever gullible lot, to put forth a less expensive alternative, So our great Bureaucrats, proposed the Pakistan London Plan which eliminated the costly upper-Indus link through the Potohar plateauit proposed instead a Dam on the Jhelum, at Mangla to store water for replacement and a Dam on Indus at Tarbela to be used for development in Sindh and Via two trans-Thal links [Kalabagh-Jhelum & Taunsa-Panjnad],for replacement in the lower Punjab and Bahawalpur. The plan had also proposed three smaller storages on Indus & Jhelum tributaries and a series of link canals for bringing Jhelum water to the upper Punjab and upper Bahawalpur.

The cost of this in 1958 was much reduced to please Indians, all this was for $1.12 Billion. India objected to this too. The Kudos goes to Ayub Khan for blindly signing the final Draft of IWT 1960, at $893.5 million, of which $541 million was provided by consortium grants, India contributed $ 174 million, and Pakistan was given loans arranged by the World Bank amounting to $ 178.5 million. So Ayub Khan in reality gave the whole waters to India for $ 174 million, in 1960 that too was paid in installments, as they earned from the usage of the water, and opened up new canals, in their Punjab, and The Sikhs paid for the bulk share of the cost eventually. The Hindu pundit followed the maxim of the old British rulers who would often say, that, they were willing to defend their Durand line to the Last Sikh Soldier.

This is a cross post from : http://www.opinion-maker.org/2013/09/the-first-kalabagh-proposal-of-1871/

Advertisements
Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Comments

  • Naveed Tajammal  On September 9, 2013 at 12:42 pm

    Thankyou for posting the article,Yasmeen.

  • Arbab Daud  On September 9, 2013 at 1:58 pm

    Lovely article with a very crispy last line…. The British rulers “were willing to defend their Durand line to the Last Sikh Soldier.”…. Salutes Naveed Tajammal sahib… great work, as usual…

  • Mian Abdur Rehman  On September 9, 2013 at 1:59 pm

    Gentlemen! Please permit me to submit:- The Surveyor General of British India dispatched scouting parties to designate more probable dam sites across The Panjab rivers during the middle of WWII. The N W party indicated two dam sites. One across The Indus,just downstream of the confluence of Soan tributary at Benni- Afghana habitat…..nine miles U/S of KALABAGH village. The other one was at Bhaakhra across The Sutlej. Due to the Hydel potential and proximity to the capital New Delhi,the infra structure work was commenced at Bhaakhra 800 days before partition! KALABAGH was left out! Canadian Govt.opted for a less costly Warsak dam because of the limitation of their allocated funding for the Dominion of Pakistan! Ministry of Industries GoP commenced the Geo-Technical investigations of the so termed KALABAGH dam at the three proposed Axis—-in 1953!Pre Feasibility was established of; KALABAGH,MANGLA &Tarbela long before West Pakistan WAPDA!!!!Plus several like Khanpur,Kotli & Rajdhani dam sites!!!

  • Naveed Tajammal  On September 9, 2013 at 2:00 pm

    To Enlighten Mian AbdurRehman Sb & Sayyid Sohail Arshad,About the History of the Bhakra Storage Scheme as it had been coined,[[though this issue is totally out of Context to my article,which highlights the historical perspective to the Controversial, Kalabagh Dam site]].Nevertheless as the subject is water,so the retort,The Bakra storage scheme had been under consideration for a number of years and it was in 1919 [and Not during the WWll,that surveys were done,as mian sahib has stated,in his comment above].A full project report was submitted to the Punjab Govt.by Mr.Nicholson & Mr.Foy,S.E.in 1919 the proposal contemplated a Dam at Bhakra on the Sutlej,395 feet high impounding 2.76 million acre feet of water [123,000 million cubic feet].The Additional Waters so obtained was to be used for the Upper Sirhind Canal,and Western Jumna canal Extension.Subsequently it was decided to raise the projected height of the Dam to 500 feet and to increase the storage to 4.75 million acre feet equal to 79,166 cusec-months [i cusec=60 acre feet=216,000 million cubic feet].The advantages of the higher Dam are well elucidated in the report dated 2nd January 1928 of the committee on the Bhakra Dam.Reverting back in Time,in September.1920,a trilateral agreement was concluded between British,Bahawalpur & Bikaner Governments.It would be a very long in detail reply however Suffice would be that i have read the complete,”Report of the committee of the Superintending Engineers From Bombay and the Punjab,Dated the 15th December 1930,on the probable effects of the Bhakra Dam Scheme on the Inundation canals of the Indus between Mithankot & Sukkur.” The other facet highlighted in my article was on the callous manner in which our Irrigation and statecraft threw in the Towel,and sold off our waters to India,i have yet to read a reference that somebody did resign in disgust over the issue of IWT 1960 and why the earlier two plans mentioned in my article,the upper indus link canal or even later london plan were never fought for by the department of Irrigation GOP.

  • Yasub Dogar  On September 9, 2013 at 2:34 pm

    Dear Naveed,
    It is creditable to bring forth such historical information, otherwise long forgotten. I understand that except for the Headwaters the entire canal would have been a predecessor of the present Chashma-Jhelum Link Canal alignment. I have also read somewhere that there was a proposal to construct a gravity canal from Kalabagh to irrigate areas up to the Great Sibi Plain. Such a canal would have linked all the provinces besides removing the misgivings on Kalabagh Dam. I wonder whether it is still possible with the present water allocation accord. thank you & best wishes. Yasub Dogar

  • idrees  On September 10, 2013 at 1:22 am

    Lovely background history of Kalabagh. Good work, Naveed.

    Khush Raho, khushiyan baanto
    through
    Love, Freedom, Connectivity & Justice
    Idrees

  • GRK  On September 10, 2013 at 1:22 am

    dear naveed bhai i am simply delighted to go through your very important communication.GOD for bid india pakistan final war will not on kashmir,but water.as soon as my laptop comes back after serious faults,the least i can do is to forward this mail to nearly 350+email address i have in my memory.when inshallah i come to islamabad and go to peshawar,i shall make pasionate appeal to students in islamia college on 100 years celeberations,we badly need even artificial lakes let alone the big dams.a NGO in lahore wants to know cost of installing machines in punjab.some one has once again delighted that a crucial subject has come for consideration.pleas keep up your good work.profound regards sincerly grk

  • Tan  On September 10, 2013 at 1:23 am

    Thank You NT it is very informative. I was not aware of it. God Bless You

  • Khalid Rahim  On September 10, 2013 at 4:53 am

    Thank you Naveed for awakening. Now how do we get to the concerned and make them realize the importance of these dams. I understand their ”Commission” takes the top priority even if it comes to war with our neighbors over this matter. Could you bring this out to the public so that they are made to ponder and give a shut up call to the Government and the opposition demanding
    the construction of first the Kalabagh dam followed by others. Stay blessed. KhalidRahim

    • Naveed Tajammal  On September 10, 2013 at 10:07 am

      Thankyou Khalid Sb for your comment,as brig.Yasub Dogar has pointed out,Kalabagh should have been implemented as Nehru,had made Bhakra Dam,Nehru was wise he,had hired the services of the best Brain on the subject, ,Prof.F.J.Berber,his services were taken early in 1950’s,and he remained on the payroll of GOI even when he had moved to Munich university to teach in 1960’s,it was his draft which became IWT 1960,our side dwindled their thumbs.After we had become one Unit,all these things could have been done.1954-1970.We must revert back to one unit,the water issues,at Provençal level will cease only then,on the indian front IWT 1960 we should create a team of lawyers dedicated on the subject,as per the IWT,indians are allowed limited Pondage of 10,000 cubic feet,only,see the height of their in row dams on chinab alone,we have,in the past hired services of expensive british lawyers,all became hostile lawyers when indians opened their charms upon them,and they lost our cases on technical grounds.Indians had offered Karazia to construct 12 dams on the Kabul River around Kama,where our Kunar river joins Kabul,The River Kabul hardly has any water till Kunar joins it,bringing water from our watersheds.A upper lndus link canal as proposed in earlier draft of IWT should be implement.excessive flood waters can be channelized through the potohar plateaux,and linked with Jhelum as had been envisaged.and later diverted back in indus.With modern technology anything is possible.Indians are tunnelling out indus waters from Ladakh region and siphoning it to south,that should be food for thought.

  • shahbazthuthaal  On September 11, 2013 at 2:56 am

    BHAINS KEY AAGEY BEEN BAJANAA

    Muhammad Shahbaz ThuthaalEME CHSMultan road,lahore.0301-3667777

    >________________________________ > From: Pakpotpourri2’s Blog >To: shahbazthuthaal@yahoo.com >Sent: Monday, September 9, 2013 3:00 PM >Subject: [New post] The First Kalabagh Proposal of 1871 > > WordPress.com >pakpotpourri2 posted: “Naveed Tajammal KPK remained part of Punjab till end of  the year 1900,this proposal was, First envisaged, much before, keeping in view the in detail surveys and costing done, to make it a viable project, however the proposal was put in, cold storage, ” >

  • Abdur Rehman  On September 11, 2013 at 7:55 am

    Gentlemen! Please permit me to submit:- The Surveyor General of British India dispatched scouting parties to designate more probable dam sites across The Panjab rivers during the middle of WWII. The N W party indicated two dam sites. One across The Indus,just downstream of the confluence of Soan tributary at Benni- Afghana habitat…..nine miles U/S of KALABAGH village. The other one was at Bhaakhra across The Sutlej. Due to the Hydel potential and proximity to the capital New Delhi,the infra structure work was commenced at Bhaakhra 800 days before partition! KALABAGH was left out! Canadian Govt.opted for a less costly Warsak dam because of the limitation of their allocated funding for the Dominion of Pakistan! Ministry of Industries GoP commenced the Geo-Technical investigations of the so termed KALABAGH dam at the three proposed Axis—-in 1953!Pre Feasibility was established of; KALABAGH,MANGLA &Tarbela long before West Pakistan WAPDA!!!!Plus several like Khanpur,Kotli & Rajdhani dam sites!!!

    • Naveed Tajammal  On September 11, 2013 at 7:58 am

      To Enlighten Mian AbdurRehman Sb & Sayyid Sohail Arshad,About the History of the Bhakra Storage Scheme as it had been coined,[[though this issue is totally out of Context to my article,which highlights the historical perspective to the Controversial, Kalabagh Dam site]].Nevertheless as the subject is water,so the retort,The Bakra storage scheme had been under consideration for a number of years and it was in 1919 [and Not during the WWll,that surveys were done,as mian sahib has stated,in his comment above].A full project report was submitted to the Punjab Govt.by Mr.Nicholson & Mr.Foy,S.E.in 1919 the proposal contemplated a Dam at Bhakra on the Sutlej,395 feet high impounding 2.76 million acre feet of water [123,000 million cubic feet].The Additional Waters so obtained was to be used for the Upper Sirhind Canal,and Western Jumna canal Extension.Subsequently it was decided to raise the projected height of the Dam to 500 feet and to increase the storage to 4.75 million acre feet equal to 79,166 cusec-months [i cusec=60 acre feet=216,000 million cubic feet].The advantages of the higher Dam are well elucidated in the report dated 2nd January 1928 of the committee on the Bhakra Dam.Reverting back in Time,in September.1920,a trilateral agreement was concluded between British,Bahawalpur & Bikaner Governments.It would be a very long in detail reply however Suffice would be that i have read the complete,”Report of the committee of the Superintending Engineers From Bombay and the Punjab,Dated the 15th December 1930,on the probable effects of the Bhakra Dam Scheme on the Inundation canals of the Indus between Mithankot & Sukkur.” The other facet highlighted in my article was on the callous manner in which our Irrigation and statecraft threw in the Towel,and sold off our waters to India,i have yet to read a reference that somebody did resign in disgust over the issue of IWT 1960 and why the earlier two plans mentioned in my article,the upper indus link canal or even later london plan were never fought for by the department of Irrigation GOP.

      • Abdur Rehman  On September 11, 2013 at 7:59 am

        wish I had seen the said article…..on digital or paper. I assumed S S A wanted to get some facts-on-
        Ground…..and not in the form of papery collage the irrelevant part of the dams’ history. I submitted only
        What took place on ground….with reference to dams in Term Pakistan. I presented what I know empirically.
        Since I had done my apprentice ship at KALABAGH dam site and performed drilling operations at Haro,
        Kotli, Rajdhani, MANGLA & TABELA, followed by an invitation by Kungs Vatten Falls, Sweden to
        visit the five sites across Luleu River in the arctic circle. The past half a century’s experience in drilling
        at home and abroad is NO MATCH to the valuable accumulations of historic perceptions of Long-Gone
        Luminaries of the RAJ! For facilitation I cited all the factors…which actually took place on ground and not
        in files.
        May I submit before tendering adieu that I have the unique honor of having performed the Geo-exploratory
        Diamond Core Drillings for THE QUAIDS MAUSOLEUM SITE DURING 1957 as Asstt Drilling Engineer
        G S P. The above cited history is known to ALL….including a Poultary Farm Chairman, whose;” Letters to
        Editor/s” are published in a Book farm pleading for the construction of KBD!!!!Over to your good offices.

  • Sohail  On September 11, 2013 at 8:00 am

    Respected Mian AbdurRahman sb , Please feel free i can present you either in printed or digital form ( i am just an inbox msg away ) my pleasure.

  • Naveed Tajammal  On September 11, 2013 at 8:01 am

    Not to Embarrass,the mian sahib,who had been called in by Sayyid Sohail Arshad ,with honourable intentions to enlighten public,the, at large,rather,than hedge around the subject and focus on the only subject the gentleman knows,that being the art of a Bore-master.To further enlighten,in 1952,the Central Government ,established a Dam Investigations Circle,and hired the services of the firm,”Tipton & Hill”.To locate water storage sites on the Indus,as well,The highest site chosen was at Skardu,but difficulty of getting men & equipment in those days,coupled with remoteness,it was ruled out,next site,was at Kotkai,through the north-western end of Pir Panjal Range,after it leaves the 300-mile himalayan gorge,it could only store 2.65 m.a.f,for a 600-foot high dam,this site was ruled out,next was Darband & those sites around Tarbela,Attock gorge by itself was the Best choice,the geological conditions were excellent,the reservoir here would have according to the Tipton & Hill the leading world Dam Investigation Firm a capacity of a staggering 16.Million Acre Feet.However the Danger in the Rainy seasons of flooding in Kabul River,along with swollen indus,would have submerged low lying regions along the Kabul River between Peshawar and down till Attock gorge.Kindly keep in mind,Tarbela could only offer 4.2 Million Acre Feet,compared to 16 million acre feet of Attock gorge option.The point being why was this option thrown over board,the upper indus link canal could have been joined with Jhelum through the Potohar plateaux ,the excessive flood waters could have re-joined Indus after a loop,and pat-feeder type could have diverted the flood waters across in the new regions to be irrigated by this feeder.Reverting back to Kalabagh,now if only after Tarbela ,Kalabagh had been built,the silting factor,held against Kalabagh could have been tackled at Tarbela, with raising the height,and expanding the lake,Kalabagh if it had been built would have had a longer life,as Tarbela would have absorbed much of the sediment.The ANP propaganda machine which has lambasted the building of Kalabagh has based its workings,taken from the report of Attock Gorge,Feasibility report.

  • Abdur Rehman  On September 11, 2013 at 8:02 am

    Sir! I have read the above-referred article comprising about 1,700 words. The 1360 do not contain any mention of any Dam….except,of course as the misleading Title….of a Low budget Lollywood script!!! Within the LOST/LAST 300+ words are all about the aftermath of Indus Basin Treaty of 1960!!!!! Two Royal Corps of Engineer officers considered the brilliant idea of Garbett; One about a natural overburden Ledge at term-KALABAGH and the Second about the natural meander of The Jhelum river at MANGLA….which proved more feasible,though more expensive,was approved and MANGLA Headworks plus Upper Jhelum canal was rightly built by the turn of Nineteeth century. Madame Yasmeen Ali and you would do a Real National Service if you choose to DONATE a Pocket Book Dictionary in respect of the contributor of this misleading ARTICAL/ ARTICLE? He would be better advised to leaf though to find the differences of: BARRAGE; HEADWORKS;WEIR AND THE DAMNED “DAM”??? Qui s’

  • Naveed Tajammal  On September 11, 2013 at 8:03 am

    Well mian sahib,judging from your own,wrong,dates quoted & rambling about the Bhakra Dam ,when the subject under discussion was the antiquity of surveys done by the british surveyors,on the Kalabagh Dam site,even much before 1871,it seems you are clueless about,Mr.Grabett ,his,competence , back ground & the charge which he held,when he prepared all these reports,otherwise such a foolish offhanded remark about his work,and a aspersion,as well, On the endorsement of the work of Mr.Grabett, & his wisdom,as seen now in hindsight, by two competent Generals of the Royal Engineers is uncalled for.And Do always Read the context and direction of any article before you start shooting,your Latin words.lol

  • Abdur Rehman  On September 11, 2013 at 8:12 am

    Please appreciate that the so-called glorious history has rendered Muslims in general and Pakistanis in particular DEFUNCT at best? Pl resource the real reasons of KALABAGH Impasse? KALABAGH for me is :LOVE AT FIRST SITE. You would get a lot of past written material from Mr. Baasit the chairman of Big Bird at 4-5 Ahmed Block,New Gdn. town.Lhr. The research would lead you to Zia+ Fazal e Haq duo. Add Charsudha & Kachha land barons of Sindh. The Pungeant smell shall lead you to Block One New Delhi!

  • Rauf  On September 11, 2013 at 9:53 am

    An excellent post. Thank you.
    Rauf

  • Tairq Haider  On September 11, 2013 at 9:54 am

    Thank you Naveed, for your well researched post. However, no matter what you do
    to convince the opponents of KBD, they will never be convinced. As their pay masters, the Indians would not allow them to do that, they being paid only to shoot
    down this project. Unfortunately, all of our politicians are for sale, Including the NS.

    • Naveed Tajammal  On September 11, 2013 at 5:02 pm

      well said Tariq Sb,the point is,what with the future water wars looming,it would be better we cover our back first.

  • Afzal Rizvi  On September 11, 2013 at 1:32 pm

    If and when I shall have time I shall inform the participants as I have been part of several initiatives on the project with ACE, Beni and Partners. I have a deep study on this site with hands on both banks of the River. The exact site proposed was at a place called Pir Pihai and 2kms down stream there from. IT WAS SITE FOR A GRAVITY DAM . TO BE CONCLUDED LATER AND WHY IT WAS NOT BUILT AND IT WILL NEVER RISE ABOVE 175 FT.

  • Naveed Tajammal  On September 11, 2013 at 5:06 pm

    And Rizvi sb,Do give your input on the Attock Gorge Dam as well,as it could have as the study report of the firm stated,a capacity of 16 million Acre Feet.I think the ANP propaganda Machine is mixing that report with Kalabagh Dam.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: